The Price of Motherhood: Family Status and Women's Pay in a Young British Cohort
This paper investigates wage differentials among women related to family status (the family gap) as well as wage inequality between men and women (the gender gap) using longitudinal data from the National Child Development Study. In a cross-section, there is a family gap of 20-22 percent. The longitudinal results provide little evidence that this gap is due to unobserved heterogeneity. Rather, the family gap appears to be due to the direct and indirect effects of having children. The paper also finds a large wage premium for using maternity leave and returning to work as well as a large penalty for working part-time. Copyright 1995 by Royal Economic Society.
Volume (Year): 47 (1995)
Issue (Month): 4 (October)
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