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The Impact of Disasters on Inflation

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  • Miles Parker

    (Reserve Bank of New Zealand
    European Central Bank)

Abstract

This paper studies how disasters affect consumer price inflation. There is a marked heterogeneity in the impact between advanced economies, where the impact is negligible, and developing economies, where the impact can last for several years. There are also differences in the impact by type of disasters, particularly when considering inflation sub-indices. Storms increase food price inflation in the near term, although the effect dissipates within a year. Floods also typically have a short-run impact on inflation. Earthquakes reduce CPI inflation excluding food, housing and energy.

Suggested Citation

  • Miles Parker, 2018. "The Impact of Disasters on Inflation," Economics of Disasters and Climate Change, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 21-48, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:ediscc:v:2:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s41885-017-0017-y
    DOI: 10.1007/s41885-017-0017-y
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    Cited by:

    1. Xi Hu & Raghav Pant & Jim W. Hall & Swenja Surminski & Jiashun Huang, 2019. "Multi-Scale Assessment of the Economic Impacts of Flooding: Evidence from Firm to Macro-Level Analysis in the Chinese Manufacturing Sector," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(7), pages 1-18, April.
    2. Oscar Zapata, 2018. "Turning to God in Tough Times? Human Versus Material Losses from Climate Disasters in Canada," Economics of Disasters and Climate Change, Springer, vol. 2(3), pages 259-281, October.
    3. Stéphane Blancard & Maximin Bonnet & Jean-François Hoarau, 2020. "The specific role of agriculture for economic vulnerability of small island spaces," TEPP Working Paper 2020-01, TEPP.
    4. Alessandro Cantelmo, 2020. "Rare disasters, the natural interest rate and monetary policy," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1309, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    5. Klomp, Jeroen, 2020. "Do natural disasters affect monetary policy? A quasi-experiment of earthquakes," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 64(C).
    6. Liebich, Lena & Nöh, Lukas & Rutkowski, Felix & Schwarz, Milena, 2020. "Current developments in green finance," Working Papers 05/2020, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung.
    7. Klomp, Jeroen, 2017. "Flooded with debt," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 73(PA), pages 93-103.
    8. Xiaojia Bao & Jianan Li & Puyang Sun, 2019. "Typhoon, Earthquake and Food Price: Evidence from China," Working Papers 2019-07-08, Wang Yanan Institute for Studies in Economics (WISE), Xiamen University.
    9. Hu, Xi & Pant, Raghav & Hall, Jim W. & Surminski, Swenja & Huang, Jiashun, 2019. "Multi-scale assessment of the economic impacts of flooding: evidence from firm to macro-level analysis in the Chinese manufacturing sector," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 100534, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    10. Jeroen Klomp & John Sseruyange, 2021. "Earthquakes and Economic Outcomes: Does Central Bank Independence Matter?," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 32(2), pages 335-359, April.
    11. Simon Dikau & Nick Robins & Matthias Täger, 2019. "Building a sustainable financial system: the state of practice and future priorities," Revista de Estabilidad Financiera, Banco de España, issue Autumn.
    12. Yizao Liu & Adam N. Rabinowitz, 2021. "The impact of the COVID‐19 pandemic on retail dairy prices," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 37(1), pages 108-121, January.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Disasters; Inflation;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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