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What Explains the ICT Diffusion Gap Between the Major Industrialized Countries: An Empirical Analysis?

  • Gilbert Cette
  • Jimmy Lopez

Over the last few years, a large body of literature has shown that the level of information and communications technology (ICT) diffusion, and, as a result, the favorable effects of this diffusion on productivity, differ greatly between the major advanced countries, with the United States the country where ICT diffusion is strongest. This study aims to explain empirically this gap. Annual macroeconomic panel data are used for the period 1981-2005 and cover eleven OECD countries: Austria, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Spain, the United Kingdom and the United States. The estimates obtained provide insight into the factors determining ICT diffusion and the gaps in this diffusion vis-à- vis the United-States. Compared to the United States, the lower ICT diffusion in the other major advanced countries can be explained by a smaller share of the population with a higher education and/or a higher level of rigidity in labour and product markets.

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Article provided by Centre for the Study of Living Standards in its journal International Productivity Monitor.

Volume (Year): 17 (2008)
Issue (Month): (Fall)
Pages: 28-39

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Handle: RePEc:sls:ipmsls:v:17:y:2008:3
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  1. Olivier Blanchard, 2006. "European unemployment: the evolution of facts and ideas," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 21(45), pages 5-59, 01.
  2. Cohen, Daniel & Soto, Marcelo, 2001. "Growth and Human Capital: Good Data, Good Results," CEPR Discussion Papers 3025, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Bruno Amable & Donatella Gatti, 2006. "Labor and product market reforms: questioning policy complementarity," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00176386, HAL.
  4. Antipa, P. & Cette, G. & Frey, L. & Lecat, R. & Vigna, O., 2008. "Recent trends in productivity: structural acceleration in the euro area and deceleration in the United States?," Quarterly selection of articles - Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 11, pages 33-50, Spring.
  5. Bruno Amable & Donatella Gatti, 2006. "Labor and product market reforms: questioning policy complementarity," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(1), pages 101-122, February.
  6. Koeniger, Winfried & Vindigni, Andrea, 2003. "Employment Protection and Product Market Regulation," IZA Discussion Papers 880, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Gilbert Cette & Jimmy Lopez & Pierre-Alexandre Noual, 2004. "Le comportement de demande en capital TIC : une analyse empirique sur quelques grands pays industrialises," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 98, pages 59-82.
  8. Gust, Christopher & Marquez, Jaime, 2004. "International comparisons of productivity growth: the role of information technology and regulatory practices," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 33-58, February.
  9. Paul Conway & Giuseppe Nicoletti, 2006. "Product Market Regulation in the Non-Manufacturing Sectors of OECD Countries: Measurement and Highlights," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 530, OECD Publishing.
  10. Philippe Aghion & Peter Howitt, 2006. "Joseph Schumpeter Lecture Appropriate Growth Policy: A Unifying Framework," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 4(2-3), pages 269-314, 04-05.
  11. Gilbert Cette & Jimmy Lopez, 2009. "Comportement de demande de TIC : une comparaison internationale," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 119, pages 83-114.
  12. Cette, G. & Lopez, J. & Noual, P-A., 2004. "Investment in Information and Communication Technologies: an Empirical Analysis," Working papers 116, Banque de France.
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