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Rice Price Crisis: Causes, Impacts, and Solutions


  • Sushil Pandey

    () (International Rice Research Institute)

  • Timothy Sulser

    () (International Food Policy Research Institute)

  • Mark W Rosegrant

    () (International Food Policy Research Institute)

  • Humnath Bhandari

    () (International Rice Research Institute)


A rapid increase in food grain prices in the first half of 2008 has diverted global attention to the food crisis. Rice, the staple food of millions of Asia’s poor, is not only an economic good but also a political commodity. The price of rice escalated in May due to a number of shortand long-term factors, with the export price exceeding USD 1000 per ton. Keeping the price of rice low, thus making the commodity affordable to the poor, is critically important in reducing poverty. Poor households spend a substantial portion of their incomes on rice; an increase in rice price is equivalent to a reduction in their real incomes. This paper analyzes the factors that have contributed to the rapid rise in rice price and assesses the impact of price upsurge on poverty. A scenario analysis on rice prices was conducted through projection of long-term demand and supply of rice. The final section of the paper includes short- and long-term solutions to the price crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Sushil Pandey & Timothy Sulser & Mark W Rosegrant & Humnath Bhandari, 2010. "Rice Price Crisis: Causes, Impacts, and Solutions," Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development, Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA), vol. 7(2), pages 1-15, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:sag:seajad:v:7:y:2010:i:2:p:1-15

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. David Dawe, 2008. "Have Recent Increases in International Cereal Prices Been Transmitted to Domestic Economies? The experience in seven large Asian countries," Working Papers 08-03, Agricultural and Development Economics Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO - ESA).
    2. Ivanic, Maros & Martin, Will, 2008. "Implications of higher global food prices for poverty in low-income countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4594, The World Bank.
    3. Joachim von Braun, 2008. "Rising Food Prices: What Should Be Done?," EuroChoices, The Agricultural Economics Society, vol. 7(SpecialIs), pages 30-35, August.
    4. Shenggen Fan & Peter Hazell, 2001. "Returns to Public Investments in the Less-Favored Areas of India and China," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 83(5), pages 1217-1222.
    5. von Braun, Joachim, 2008. "Rising food prices: What should be done? [In Chinese]," Policy briefs 1 CH, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    Cited by:

    1. Fazleen, Abdul & Stephan, Von Cramon, 2015. "The Policy Analysis Matrix of Profitability and Competitiveness of Rice Farming in Malaysia," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 210872, International Association of Agricultural Economists.

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