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Neodualism in the Italian business firms: training, organizational capabilities, and productivity distributions

Author

Listed:
  • Giovanni Dosi

    (Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna)

  • Dario Guarascio

    (Sapienza University of Rome
    National Institute for the Analysis of Public Policies (INAPP))

  • Andrea Ricci

    (National Institute for the Analysis of Public Policies (INAPP))

  • Maria Enrica Virgillito

    (Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna
    Universita’ Cattolica del Sacro Cuore)

Abstract

What has been the dynamics of productivity in the Italian business firms in the aftermath of the crisis? And what has been the impact of training efforts upon such dynamics? In this work, we address these questions exploring a unique Italian micro-level dataset which links information on the amount and the nature of training and firm balance-sheet data. First, we document what we call a neodualist tendency with a leader-laggard dynamics entailing a widening support of the productivity distributions. Second, we analyze the relationship between productivities and training intensities by means of quantile regression analysis. There is indeed some relationship in the whole sample which however gets much weaker when disaggregating by sector and by size. Moreover, hardly any dynamic relationship appears, either between initial training intensities and subsequent productivity changes or between changes in both variables. Our results do not imply that training is not important, but that its effectiveness must be shaped by the interaction with other firm-specific characteristics, associated with idiosyncratic organizational capabilities.

Suggested Citation

  • Giovanni Dosi & Dario Guarascio & Andrea Ricci & Maria Enrica Virgillito, 2021. "Neodualism in the Italian business firms: training, organizational capabilities, and productivity distributions," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 57(1), pages 167-189, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:sbusec:v:57:y:2021:i:1:d:10.1007_s11187-019-00295-x
    DOI: 10.1007/s11187-019-00295-x
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    Cited by:

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    2. Armanda Cetrulo & Dario Guarascio & Maria Enrica Virgillito, 2020. "The Privilege of Working From Home at the Time of Social Distancing," Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy, Springer;ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics;Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), vol. 55(3), pages 142-147, May.
    3. Cassandro, Nicola & Centra, Marco & Esposito, Piero & Guarascio, Dario, 2020. "What drives employment-unemployment transitions? Evidence from Italian task-based data," GLO Discussion Paper Series 563, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    4. IKEUCHI Kenta & FUKAO Kyoji & Cristiano PERUGINI, 2021. "Establishment Size, Workforce Composition and the College Wage Gap in Japan," Discussion papers 21022, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    5. Brancati, Emanuele & Brancati, Raffaele & Guarascio, Dario & Zanfei, Antonello, 2020. "In Times of Trouble: Innovative Drivers of External Competitiveness for Small Businesses during the Great Recession," GLO Discussion Paper Series 639, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    6. Giuseppe Celi & Dario Guarascio & Annamaria Simonazzi, 2020. "A fragile and divided European Union meets Covid-19: further disintegration or ‘Hamiltonian moment’?," Economia e Politica Industriale: Journal of Industrial and Business Economics, Springer;Associazione Amici di Economia e Politica Industriale, vol. 47(3), pages 411-424, September.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Productivity; Firm-level heterogeneity; Training; Organizational capabilities;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • M53 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Training
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship

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