IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/gam/jsusta/v9y2017i9p1506-d109605.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Smart Cities as Organizational Fields: A Framework for Mapping Sustainability-Enabling Configurations

Author

Listed:
  • Paul Pierce

    () (Department of Informatics, School of Economics and Management, Lund University, 221 00 Lund, Sweden)

  • Francesca Ricciardi

    () (Department of Business Administration, University of Verona, 37129 Verona, Italy)

  • Alessandro Zardini

    () (Department of Business Administration, University of Verona, 37129 Verona, Italy)

Abstract

Despite the impressive growth of smart city initiatives worldwide, an organizational theory of smart city has yet to be developed, and we lack models addressing the unprecedented organizational and management challenges that emerge in smart city contexts. Traditional models are often of little use, because smart cities pursue different goals than traditional organizations, are based on networked, cross-boundary activity systems, rely on distributed innovation processes, and imply adaptive policy-making. Complex combinations of factors may lead to vicious or virtuous cycles in smart city initiatives, but we know very little about how these factors may be identified and mapped. Based on an inductive study of a set of primary and secondary sources, we develop a framework for the configurational analysis of smart cities viewed as place-specific organizational fields. This framework identifies five key dimensions in the configurations of smart city fields; these five dimensions are mapped through five sub-frameworks, which can be used both separately as well as for an integrated analysis. Our contribution is conceived to support longitudinal studies, natural experiments and comparative analyses on smart city fields, and to improve our understanding of how different combinations of factors affect the capability of smart innovations to translate into city resilience, sustainability and quality of life. In addition, our results suggest that new forms of place-based entrepreneurship constitute the engine that allows for the dynamic collaboration between government, citizens and research centers in successful smart city organizational fields.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul Pierce & Francesca Ricciardi & Alessandro Zardini, 2017. "Smart Cities as Organizational Fields: A Framework for Mapping Sustainability-Enabling Configurations," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(9), pages 1-21, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:9:p:1506-:d:109605
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/9/9/1506/pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/9/9/1506/
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Francesc Solé Parellada & Domingo Ribeiro Soriano & Kun-Huang Huarng, 2011. "An overview of the service industries' future (priorities: linking past and future)," The Service Industries Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(1), pages 1-6, January.
    2. François-Xavier de Vaujany & Emmanuelle Vaast, 2014. "If These Walls Could Talk: The Mutual Construction of Organizational Space and Legitimacy," Post-Print hal-01644982, HAL.
    3. Lorenzo Chelleri & Harn Wei Kua & Juan Pablo Rodríguez Sánchez & Kh Md Nahiduzzaman & Gladman Thondhlana, 2016. "Are People Responsive to a More Sustainable, Decentralized, and User-Driven Management of Urban Metabolism?," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(3), pages 1-12, March.
    4. Michael Lounsbury & Christine M. Beckman, 2015. "Celebrating Organization Theory," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(2), pages 288-308, March.
    5. Gabriella Arcese & Maria Claudia Lucchetti & Roberto Merli, 2013. "Social Life Cycle Assessment as a Management Tool: Methodology for Application in Tourism," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(8), pages 1-13, August.
    6. Miller, Fiona A. & French, Martin, 2016. "Organizing the entrepreneurial hospital: Hybridizing the logics of healthcare and innovation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(8), pages 1534-1544.
    7. Michele Romolini & R. Patrick Bixler & J. Morgan Grove, 2016. "A Social-Ecological Framework for Urban Stewardship Network Research to Promote Sustainable and Resilient Cities," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(9), pages 1-15, September.
    8. Andrew M. Pettigrew, 1990. "Longitudinal Field Research on Change: Theory and Practice," Organization Science, INFORMS, vol. 1(3), pages 267-292, August.
    9. repec:dau:papers:123456789/12459 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Vásquez-Urriago, Ángela Rocío & Barge-Gil, Andrés & Modrego Rico, Aurelia, 2016. "Science and Technology Parks and cooperation for innovation: Empirical evidence from Spain," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 137-147.
    11. Michel Lander & Pursey Heugens, 2009. "Structure! Agency! (And Other Quarrels): Meta-Analyzing Institutional Theories of Organization," Post-Print hal-00623835, HAL.
    12. Francesco Cappa & Fausto Del Sette & Darren Hayes & Federica Rosso, 2016. "How to Deliver Open Sustainable Innovation: An Integrated Approach for a Sustainable Marketable Product," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(12), pages 1-14, December.
    13. Øystein D. Fjeldstad & Charles C. Snow & Raymond E. Miles & Christopher Lettl, 2012. "The architecture of collaboration," Strategic Management Journal, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(6), pages 734-750, June.
    14. Amy K. Glasmeier & Molly Nebiolo, 2016. "Thinking about Smart Cities: The Travels of a Policy Idea that Promises a Great Deal, but So Far Has Delivered Modest Results," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(11), pages 1-11, November.
    15. Maria-Lluïsa Marsal-Llacuna, 2016. "City Indicators on Social Sustainability as Standardization Technologies for Smarter (Citizen-Centered) Governance of Cities," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 128(3), pages 1193-1216, September.
    16. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:3:p:275:d:65905 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Plummer, Ryan & Armitage, Derek, 2007. "A resilience-based framework for evaluating adaptive co-management: Linking ecology, economics and society in a complex world," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 62-74, February.
    18. Tan Yigitcanlar & Md. Kamruzzaman, 2015. "Planning, Development and Management of Sustainable Cities: A Commentary from the Guest Editors," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(11), pages 1-12, November.
    19. Kyunam Kim & Jung-Kyu Jung & Jae Young Choi, 2016. "Impact of the Smart City Industry on the Korean National Economy: Input-Output Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(7), pages 1-19, July.
    20. Bolton, Ronan & Hannon, Matthew, 2016. "Governing sustainability transitions through business model innovation: Towards a systems understanding," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(9), pages 1731-1742.
    21. François-Xavier de Vaujany & Emmanuelle Vaast, 2014. "If These Walls Could Talk: The Mutual Construction of Organizational Space and Legitimacy," Organization Science, INFORMS, vol. 25(3), pages 713-731, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Ying Zhou & Weiwei Li & Pingtao Yi & Chengju Gong, 2019. "Evaluation of City Sustainability from the Perspective of Behavioral Guidance," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(23), pages 1-17, November.
    2. André Luis Azevedo Guedes & Jeferson Carvalho Alvarenga & Maurício Dos Santos Sgarbi Goulart & Martius Vicente Rodriguez y Rodriguez & Carlos Alberto Pereira Soares, 2018. "Smart Cities: The Main Drivers for Increasing the Intelligence of Cities," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(9), pages 1-19, August.
    3. Roberta Troisi & Gaetano Alfano, 2019. "Towns as Safety Organizational Fields: An Institutional Framework in Times of Emergency," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(24), pages 1-18, December.
    4. Kfir Noy & Moshe Givoni, 2018. "Is ‘Smart Mobility’ Sustainable? Examining the Views and Beliefs of Transport’s Technological Entrepreneurs," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(2), pages 1-19, February.
    5. Si Ying Tan & Araz Taeihagh, 2020. "Smart City Governance in Developing Countries: A Systematic Literature Review," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(3), pages 1-29, January.
    6. Luisa Errichiello & Roberto Micera, 2018. "Leveraging Smart Open Innovation for Achieving Cultural Sustainability: Learning from a New City Museum Project," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(6), pages 1-23, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    organizational fields; organizational logics; smart city; sustainable city; sustainability transformation; innovation ecosystem; sustainable entrepreneurship;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:9:p:1506-:d:109605. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (XML Conversion Team). General contact details of provider: https://www.mdpi.com/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.