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How to Make a Sustainable Manufacturing Process: A High-Commitment HRM System


  • Jihye Park

    (Korea University Business School, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea)

  • Dawoon Jung

    (Dongwu Business School, Soochow University, Suzhou 21500, China)

  • Pyoungsoo Lee

    (Department of Business Administration, Kyonggi University, Gwanggyosan-ro, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon 16227, Korea)


The primary purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between high-commitment human resource management (HCHRM) practices and process improvement activities (i.e., manufacturing flexibility) by utilizing the theory of social exchange. We conducted an empirical study to discover the links between social exchange theory and process management from an HRM perspective. For the empirical investigation, we used data from 601 manufacturing enterprises provided by the Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy in South Korea. The research is conducted based on employees’ capabilities for process management as a mediator in the analysis of the impact of the HCHRM system on manufacturing flexibility (i.e., internally-driven and externally-driven flexibility). The results of the study show that the HCHRM system ultimately explains manufacturing flexibility through enhancement of employees’ capabilities.

Suggested Citation

  • Jihye Park & Dawoon Jung & Pyoungsoo Lee, 2019. "How to Make a Sustainable Manufacturing Process: A High-Commitment HRM System," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(8), pages 1-20, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:8:p:2309-:d:223610

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    References listed on IDEAS

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