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Sustainable Human Resource Management: How to Create a Knowledge Sharing Behavior through Organizational Justice, Organizational Support, Satisfaction and Commitment

Author

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  • Natàlia Cugueró-Escofet

    () (Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (Spain), 08035 Barcelona, Spain)

  • Pilar Ficapal-Cusí

    () (Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (Spain), 08035 Barcelona, Spain)

  • Joan Torrent-Sellens

    () (Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (Spain), 08035 Barcelona, Spain)

Abstract

Knowledge sharing (KS) behavior is one of the main drivers to generate social sustainability. It predicts high organizational performance and innovation capabilities, and creates enjoyment and happiness in helping others. Even if incentives to enhance KS behaviors exist, employees would still be reluctant to share knowledge. For this reason, we test a comprehensive model of sustainable human resource management with the inclusion of KS to explain how to enhance collaborative practices in terms of voluntary knowledge sharing. In a comprehensive model, we incorporate organizational justice, employee perceived organizational support, job satisfaction and affective organizational commitment, and how they relate in order to generate knowledge sharing behavior. Using a sample of 1350 employees working for multinational firms operating in Spain, the present research obtains two main results. First, organizational justice, employee perceived organizational support and affective organizational commitment are positively related with KS. Second, employee perceived organizational support, job satisfaction and affective organizational commitment play a mediating role between organizational justice and KS, which reinforces the positive relationship between both constructs. Consequently, employees would be more willing to cooperate and share in fair organizational contexts, especially when they are satisfied and affectively committed, and when their contributions are valued and recognized. Finally, we discuss human resource management’s (HRM) practical interventions and recommendations for future research on sustainable organizations.

Suggested Citation

  • Natàlia Cugueró-Escofet & Pilar Ficapal-Cusí & Joan Torrent-Sellens, 2019. "Sustainable Human Resource Management: How to Create a Knowledge Sharing Behavior through Organizational Justice, Organizational Support, Satisfaction and Commitment," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(19), pages 1-1, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:19:p:5419-:d:272311
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Natàlia Cugueró-Escofet & Josep M. Rosanas, 2020. "The Relative Role of the Intellectual and Moral Virtues in Sustainable Management Decisions: The Case of Practical Wisdom and Justice," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(3), pages 1-1, February.
    2. Tahereh Maghsoudi & Rosalía Cascón-Pereira & Ana Beatriz Hernández Lara, 2020. "The Role of Collaborative Healthcare in Improving Social Sustainability: A Conceptual Framework," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(8), pages 1-1, April.
    3. Mónica Santana & Rafael Morales-Sánchez & Susana Pasamar, 2020. "Mapping the Link between Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Human Resource Management (HRM): How Is This Relationship Measured?," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(4), pages 1-1, February.
    4. Pilar Ficapal-Cusí & Mihaela Enache-Zegheru & Joan Torrent-Sellens, 2020. "Linking Perceived Organizational Support, Affective Commitment, and Knowledge Sharing with Prosocial Organizational Behavior of Altruism and Civic Virtue," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(24), pages 1-1, December.
    5. Ștefan Andrei Neștian & Silviu Mihail Tiță & Elena-Sabina Turnea, 2020. "Using Mobile Phones at Work in Personal and Professional Information Processes," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(3), pages 1-1, January.
    6. André de Waal & Michael Weaver & Tammy Day & Beatrice van der Heijden, 2019. "Silo-Busting: Overcoming the Greatest Threat to Organizational Performance," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(23), pages 1-1, December.
    7. Natàlia Cugueró-Escofet & Josep M. Rosanas, 2020. "Practical Wisdom for Sustainable Management and Knowledge Sharing," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(10), pages 1-1, May.
    8. Zhenjiao Chen & Douglas Vogel & Tianan Yang & Jianwei Deng, 2020. "The Effect of Social Media-Enabled Mentoring on Online Tacit Knowledge Acquisition within Sustainable Organizations: A Moderated Mediation Model," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(2), pages 1-1, January.
    9. Guofeng Shi & Zhiyun Ma & Jiao Feng & Fujin Zhu & Xu Bai & Bingxiu Gui, 2020. "The impact of knowledge transfer performance on the artificial intelligence industry innovation network: An empirical study of Chinese firms," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 15(5), pages 1-22, May.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    knowledge sharing; sustainable human resources management; organizational justice; perceived organizational support; affective organizational commitment; job satisfaction;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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