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Social Capital Formation and Credit Access: Evidence from Sri Lanka

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  • Shoji, Masahiro
  • Aoyagi, Keitaro
  • Kasahara, Ryuji
  • Sawada, Yasuyuki
  • Ueyama, Mika

Abstract

While previous studies evaluate the impact of social capital on development outcomes, there are very few empirical studies on determinants of social capital formation. We use unique long panel data from Sri Lanka to examine the mechanism of social capital formation in an imperfect credit market. We show that households facing credit constraints reduce investments in social capital. Furthermore, temporal declines in investment persistently reduce general trust, trust in villagers, and trust in business partners. While previous studies argue that social capital improves access to informal credit, we show the reverse causality. Combining these findings suggests a potential poverty trap.

Suggested Citation

  • Shoji, Masahiro & Aoyagi, Keitaro & Kasahara, Ryuji & Sawada, Yasuyuki & Ueyama, Mika, 2012. "Social Capital Formation and Credit Access: Evidence from Sri Lanka," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(12), pages 2522-2536.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:40:y:2012:i:12:p:2522-2536
    DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2012.08.003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    7. Ishise, Hirokazu & Sawada, Yasuyuki, 2009. "Aggregate returns to social capital: Estimates based on the augmented augmented-Solow model," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 376-393, September.
    8. Yujiro Hayami, 2009. "Social Capital, Human Capital and the Community Mechanism: Toward a Conceptual Framework for Economists," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(1), pages 96-123.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:ecosys:v:41:y:2017:i:3:p:420-432 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:eee:crpeac:v:41:y:2016:i:c:p:1-17 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Migheli, Matteo, 2016. "Land Ownership, Access to Informal Credit and Its Cost in Rural Vietnam," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers 201619, University of Turin.
    4. Shoji, Masahiro, 2016. "Incentive of risk sharing and trust formation: Experimental and survey evidence from Bangladesh," MPRA Paper 71950, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Liping Gao And Hyeongwoo Kim, 2016. "Testing The Predictability Of Consumption Growth: Evidence From China," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 41(3), pages 21-30, September.
    6. Yuan, Yan & Xu, Lihe, 2015. "Are poor able to access the informal credit market? Evidence from rural households in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 232-246.
    7. Sonali Senaratna Sellamuttu & Takeshi Aida & Ryuji Kasahara & Yasuyuki Sawada & Deeptha Wijerathna, 2014. "How Access to Irrigation Influences Poverty and Livelihoods: A Case Study from Sri Lanka," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(5), pages 748-768, May.
    8. Antoci, Angelo & Sabatini, Fabio & Sodini, Mauro, 2014. "Online and offline social participation and social poverty traps. Can social networks save human relations?," MPRA Paper 55703, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Kumar, Anjani & Mishra, Ashok K. & Saroj, Sunil & Joshi, Pramod Kumar, 2017. "Institutional versus noninstitutional credit to agricultural households in India: Evidence on impact from a national farmers’ survey," IFPRI discussion papers 1614, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    10. repec:eco:journ1:2017-03-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Yasuyuki Sawada & Ryuji Kasahara & Keitaro Aoyagi & Masahiro Shoji & Mika Ueyama, 2013. "Modes of Collective Action in Village Economies: Evidence from Natural and Artefactual Field Experiments in a Developing Country," Asian Development Review, MIT Press, vol. 30(1), pages 31-51, March.
    12. Senaratna Sellamuttu, Sonali, 2013. "How access to irrigation influences poverty and livelihoods: a case study from Sri Lanka. Impact assessment of infrastructure projects on poverty reduction," IWMI Working Papers H045795, International Water Management Institute.

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