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Corruption and averting AIDS deaths

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  • Friedman, Willa

Abstract

This paper looks at the impact of corruption on the effectiveness of antiretroviral drugs in preventing AIDS deaths and the potential channels that generate this relationship. This is based on a unique panel dataset of countries in sub-Saharan Africa, which combines information on all imported antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) from the World Health Organization’s Global Price Reporting Mechanism, with measures of corruption, estimates of the HIV prevalence, and the number of AIDS deaths in each year and in each country. Countries with higher levels of corruption experience a significantly smaller drop in AIDS deaths as a result of the same quantity of ARVs imported. This is robust to different measures of corruption and to a measure of overall death rates as well as HIV-specific death rates as the outcome. A case-study analysis of the Kenyan experience illustrates one potential mechanism for the observed effect, demonstrating that disproportionately more clinics begin distributing ARVs in areas that are predominantly represented by the new leader’s ethnic group.

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  • Friedman, Willa, 2018. "Corruption and averting AIDS deaths," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 13-25.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:110:y:2018:i:c:p:13-25
    DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2018.05.015
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    3. Pavlo Blavatskyy, 2021. "Obesity of politicians and corruption in post‐Soviet countries," Economics of Transition and Institutional Change, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 29(2), pages 343-356, April.

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