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One Mandarin Benefits the Whole Clan: Hometown Favoritism in an Authoritarian Regime

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  • Quoc-Anh Do
  • Kieu-Trang Nguyen
  • Anh N. Tran

Abstract

We study patronage politics in authoritarian Vietnam, using an exhaustive panel of 603 ranking officials from 2000 to 2010 to estimate their promotions' impact on infrastructure in their hometowns of patrilineal ancestry. Native officials' promotions lead to a broad range of hometown infrastructure improvement. Hometown favoritism is pervasive across all ranks, even among officials without budget authority, except among elected legislators. Favors are narrowly targeted towards small communes that have no political power, and are strengthened with bad local governance and strong local family values. The evidence suggests a likely motive of social preferences for hometown.

Suggested Citation

  • Quoc-Anh Do & Kieu-Trang Nguyen & Anh N. Tran, 2016. "One Mandarin Benefits the Whole Clan: Hometown Favoritism in an Authoritarian Regime," CEP Discussion Papers dp1409, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  • Handle: RePEc:cep:cepdps:dp1409
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Dreher, Axel & Fuchs, Andreas & Hodler, Roland & Parks, Bradley C. & Raschky, Paul A. & Tierney, Michael J., 2019. "African leaders and the geography of China's foreign assistance," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 140(C), pages 44-71.
    2. Fiva, Jon H. & Halse, Askill H., 2016. "Local favoritism in at-large proportional representation systems," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 143(C), pages 15-26.
    3. Vu, Tien Manh & Yamada, Hiroyuki, 2020. "Persistent legacy of the 1075–1919 Vietnamese imperial examinations in contemporary quantity and quality of education," MPRA Paper 100860, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Tien Manh Vu & Hiroyuki Yamada, "undated". "Firms and Regional Favoritism," Keio-IES Discussion Paper Series 2017-025, Institute for Economics Studies, Keio University.
    5. Muhammad Haseeb & Kate Vyborny, 2016. "Imposing institutions: Evidence from cash transfer reform in Pakistan," CSAE Working Paper Series 2016-36, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
    6. Quoc-Anh Do & Yen-Teik Lee & Bang Dang Nguyen, 2016. "Directors as Connectors: The Impact of the External Networks of Directors on Firms," Sciences Po publications 52, Sciences Po.
    7. Jiang, Junyan & Zhang, Muyang, 2020. "Friends with benefits: Patronage networks and distributive politics in China," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 184(C).
    8. Jian Chu & Raymond Fisman & Songtao Tan & Yongxiang Wang, 2020. "Hometown favoritism and the quality of government monitoring: Evidence from rotation of Chinese auditor," Boston University - Department of Economics - The Institute for Economic Development Working Papers Series dp-343, Boston University - Department of Economics.
    9. Christian Bommer & Axel Dreher & Marcello Perez-Alvarez, "undated". "Home bias in humanitarian aid: The role of regional favoritism in the allocation of international disaster relief," Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 266, Courant Research Centre PEG.
    10. Amanda Carmignani & Guido de Blasio & Cristina Demma & Alessio D'Ignazio, 2019. "Urban agglomerations and firm access to credit," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1222, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    11. Markussen, Thomas & Ngo, Quang-Thanh, 2019. "Economic and non-economic returns to communist party membership in Vietnam," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 122(C), pages 370-384.
    12. Apergis, Emmanuel & Apergis, Nicholas, 2017. "US political corruption: Identifying the channels of bribes for firms' financial policies," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 87-94.
    13. Jian Chu & Raymond Fisman & Songtao Tan & Yongxiang Wang, 2020. "Hometown Ties and the Quality of Government Monitoring: Evidence from Rotation of Chinese Auditors," NBER Working Papers 27032, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. Friedman, Willa, 2018. "Corruption and averting AIDS deaths," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 13-25.
    15. Walker, Sarah, 2018. "Cultural barriers to market integration: Evidence from 19th century Austria," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(4), pages 1122-1145.
    16. Markussen, Thomas & Ngo, Quang-Thanh, 2019. "Economic and non-economic returns to communist party membership in Vietnam," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 122(C), pages 370-384.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Favoritism; patronage; authoritarian regime; political connection; hometown; infrastructure; distributive politics;

    JEL classification:

    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • H72 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Budget and Expenditures

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