IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/soceps/v75y2021ics0038012119303957.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Climate cooperation from Kyoto to Paris: What can be learnt from the CDM experience?

Author

Listed:
  • Mele, Antonio
  • Paglialunga, Elena
  • Sforna, Giorgia

Abstract

The mitigation of greenhouse gas concentration has become a first-order issue for decision making in environmental sustainability. Countries can meet their mitigation commitments and environmental objectives through multiple instruments. A key role is played by cooperative mechanisms, such as the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), under the Kyoto Protocol, and a similar mechanism established by the Paris Agreement (Art. 6), whose implementation rules are still under negotiation. However, another form of cooperation was already established under the different framework of the Official Development Assistance (ODA), potentially sharing abatement purposes. This paper aims to compare the mitigation actions implemented either as CDM or ODA projects. We conduct a multi-criteria econometric analysis, based on an originally created, harmonised dataset that merges renewable energy CDM projects and comparable ODA projects to investigate the role of the institutional framework in influencing the effectiveness of reducing emissions worldwide. Results show that the Kyoto Protocol had a positive impact in terms of cost-effectiveness for renewable energy projects and that it stimulated policy actions for environmental sustainability. Accordingly, in view of the implementation of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, it is extremely important both to look to the past to draw lessons from Kyoto's successes and failures and to apply multi-criteria decision-making approaches for the design of environmental policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Mele, Antonio & Paglialunga, Elena & Sforna, Giorgia, 2021. "Climate cooperation from Kyoto to Paris: What can be learnt from the CDM experience?," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 75(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:soceps:v:75:y:2021:i:c:s0038012119303957
    DOI: 10.1016/j.seps.2020.100942
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0038012119303957
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    File URL: https://libkey.io/10.1016/j.seps.2020.100942?utm_source=ideas
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item
    ---><---

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Dechezleprêtre, Antoine & Glachant, Matthieu & Ménière, Yann, 2008. "The Clean Development Mechanism and the international diffusion of technologies: An empirical study," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 1273-1283, April.
    2. Brent, Alan C. & Heuberger, Renat & Manzini, Dumisani, 2005. "Evaluating projects that are potentially eligible for Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) funding in the South African context: a case study to establish weighting values for sustainable development cri," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 10(5), pages 631-649, October.
    3. Till Neeff & Daniela G�hler & Francisco Ascui, 2014. "Finding a path for REDD+ between ODA and the CDM," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(2), pages 149-166, March.
    4. Carlo Carraro & Johan Eyckmans & Michael Finus, 2006. "Optimal transfers and participation decisions in international environmental agreements," The Review of International Organizations, Springer, vol. 1(4), pages 379-396, December.
    5. Nils Simon & Toshi H. Arimura & Minoru Morita & Akihisa Kuriyama & Kazuhisa Koakutsu, 2017. "Technology transfer and cost structure of clean development mechanism projects: an empirical study of Indian cases," Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, Springer;Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies - SEEPS, vol. 19(3), pages 609-633, July.
    6. Bulír, Ales & Hamann, A. Javier, 2008. "Volatility of Development Aid: From the Frying Pan into the Fire?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 2048-2066, October.
    7. Giorgia Sforna, 2019. "Climate change and developing countries: from background actors to protagonists of climate negotiations," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 19(3), pages 273-295, June.
    8. Pedercini, Matteo & Barney, Gerald O., 2010. "Dynamic analysis of interventions designed to achieve millennium development goals (MDG): The case of Ghana," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 89-99, June.
    9. Bayer, Patrick & Marcoux, Christopher & Urpelainen, Johannes, 2013. "Leveraging private capital for climate mitigation: Evidence from the Clean Development Mechanism," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 14-24.
    10. Jung, Martina, 2006. "Host country attractiveness for CDM non-sink projects," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(15), pages 2173-2184, October.
    11. Brunnschweiler, Christa N., 2010. "Finance for renewable energy: an empirical analysis of developing and transition economies," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 15(3), pages 241-274, June.
    12. Zhang, Junjie & Wang, Can, 2011. "Co-benefits and additionality of the clean development mechanism: An empirical analysis," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 62(2), pages 140-154, September.
    13. Axel Michaelowa, 2007. "Unilateral CDM—can developing countries finance generation of greenhouse gas emission credits on their own?," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 7(1), pages 17-34, March.
    14. Grunewald, Nicole & Martinez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada, 2016. "Did the Kyoto Protocol fail? An evaluation of the effect of the Kyoto Protocol on CO2 emissions," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 21(1), pages 1-22, February.
    15. Adler, Nicole & Yazhemsky, Ekaterina & Tarverdyan, Ruzanana, 2010. "A framework to measure the relative socio-economic performance of developing countries," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 73-88, June.
    16. Billor, Nedret & Hadi, Ali S. & Velleman, Paul F., 2000. "BACON: blocked adaptive computationally efficient outlier nominators," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 279-298, September.
    17. Hudson, John, 2015. "Consequences of Aid Volatility for Macroeconomic Management and Aid Effectiveness," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 62-74.
    18. Antimiani, Alessandro & Costantini, Valeria & Markandya, Anil & Paglialunga, Elena & Sforna, Giorgia, 2017. "The Green Climate Fund as an effective compensatory mechanism in global climate negotiations," Environmental Science & Policy, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 49-68.
    19. Röttgers, Dirk & Grote, Ulrike, 2014. "Africa and the Clean Development Mechanism: What Determines Project Investments?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 201-212.
    20. Winkelman, Andrew G. & Moore, Michael R., 2011. "Explaining the differential distribution of Clean Development Mechanism projects across host countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 1132-1143, March.
    21. Valeria Costantini & Giorgia Sforna, 2014. "Do bilateral trade relationships influence the distribution of CDM projects?," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(5), pages 559-580, September.
    22. Stefan Bakker & Constanze Haug & Harro Van Asselt & Joyeeta Gupta & Raouf Saïdi, 2011. "The future of the CDM: same same, but differentiated?," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(1), pages 752-767, January.
    23. Tierney, Michael J. & Nielson, Daniel L. & Hawkins, Darren G. & Roberts, J. Timmons & Findley, Michael G. & Powers, Ryan M. & Parks, Bradley & Wilson, Sven E. & Hicks, Robert L., 2011. "More Dollars than Sense: Refining Our Knowledge of Development Finance Using AidData," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 39(11), pages 1891-1906.
    24. Trotter, Ian Michael & da Cunha, Dênis Antônio & Féres, José Gustavo, 2015. "The relationships between CDM project characteristics and CER market prices," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 158-167.
    25. Kevin Murphy & Grant A. Kirkman & Stephen Seres & Erik Haites, 2015. "Technology transfer in the CDM: an updated analysis," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(1), pages 127-145, January.
    26. Ivan Haščič & Nick Johnstone, 2011. "CDM and international technology transfer: empirical evidence on wind power," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(6), pages 1303-1314, November.
    27. Christina Hood & Carly Soo, 2017. "Accounting for mitigation targets in Nationally Determined Contributions under the Paris Agreement," OECD/IEA Climate Change Expert Group Papers 2017/5, OECD Publishing.
    28. John Cole, 2012. "Genesis of the CDM: the original policymaking goals of the 1997 Brazilian proposal and their evolution in the Kyoto protocol negotiations into the CDM," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 41-61, March.
    29. Nussbaumer, Patrick, 2009. "On the contribution of labelled Certified Emission Reductions to sustainable development: A multi-criteria evaluation of CDM projects," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 91-101, January.
    30. Kim Olsen & Jyoti Painuly, 2002. "The Clean Development Mechanism: A Bane or a Boon for Developing Countries?," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 2(3), pages 237-260, September.
    31. Johannes Alexeew & Linda Bergset & Kristin Meyer & Juliane Petersen & Lambert Schneider & Charlotte Unger, 2010. "An analysis of the relationship between the additionality of CDM projects and their contribution to sustainable development," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 10(3), pages 233-248, September.
    32. Emma Paulsson, 2009. "A review of the CDM literature: from fine-tuning to critical scrutiny?," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 63-80, February.
    33. Jessica M. Ayers & Saleemul Huq, 2009. "Supporting Adaptation to Climate Change: What Role for Official Development Assistance?," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 27(6), pages 675-692, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Giorgia Sforna, 2019. "Climate change and developing countries: from background actors to protagonists of climate negotiations," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 19(3), pages 273-295, June.
    2. Trotter, Ian Michael & da Cunha, Dênis Antônio & Féres, José Gustavo, 2015. "The relationships between CDM project characteristics and CER market prices," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 158-167.
    3. Kang, Moon Jung & Park, Jihyoun, 2013. "Analysis of the partnership network in the clean development mechanism," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 543-553.
    4. Jingbo Cui & Zhenxuan Wang & Haishan Yu, 2022. "Can International Climate Cooperation Induce Knowledge Spillover to Developing Countries? Evidence from CDM," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 82(4), pages 923-951, August.
    5. Mori-Clement, Yadira, 2019. "Impacts of CDM projects on sustainable development: Improving living standards across Brazilian municipalities?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 222-236.
    6. Purdon, Mark, 2015. "Opening the Black Box of Carbon Finance “Additionality”: The Political Economy of Carbon Finance Effectiveness across Tanzania, Uganda, and Moldova," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 462-478.
    7. Matthew A. Cole & David J. Maddison & Liyun Zhang, 2020. "Testing the emission reduction claims of CDM projects using the Benford’s Law," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 160(3), pages 407-426, June.
    8. Röttgers, Dirk & Grote, Ulrike, 2014. "Africa and the Clean Development Mechanism: What Determines Project Investments?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 201-212.
    9. Koo, Bonsang, 2017. "Preparing hydropower projects for the post-Paris regime: An econometric analysis of the main drivers for registration in the Clean Development Mechanism," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 868-877.
    10. Igor Shishlov & Valentin Bellassen, 2012. "10 lessons from 10 years of the CDM," Working Papers hal-01151437, HAL.
    11. Watts, David & Albornoz, Constanza & Watson, Andrea, 2015. "Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) after the first commitment period: Assessment of the world׳s portfolio and the role of Latin America," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 1176-1189.
    12. Sabine Aresin, 2015. "Reduced Allowability and the Allocation of Emission Abatement," Working Papers tax-mpg-rps-2015-12, Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance.
    13. Cui, Jingbo & Liu, Xi & Sun, Yongping & Yu, Haishan, 2020. "Can CDM projects trigger host countries’ innovation in renewable energy? Evidence of firm-level dataset from China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 139(C).
    14. Miyamoto, Mai & Takeuchi, Kenji, 2019. "Climate agreement and technology diffusion: Impact of the Kyoto Protocol on international patent applications for renewable energy technologies," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 129(C), pages 1331-1338.
    15. Zhang, Bin & Lai, Kee-hung & Wang, Bo & Wang, Zhaohua, 2017. "Shareholder value effects of corporate carbon trading: Empirical evidence from market reaction towards Clean Development Mechanism in China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 410-421.
    16. Hayashi, Daisuke, 2018. "Knowledge flow in low-carbon technology transfer: A case of India's wind power industry," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 104-116.
    17. Jinshan Zhu & Hui Yao & Yingkai Tang & Liyong Wang, 2015. "An econometric analysis of sub-national Clean Development Mechanism performance in China," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 20(7), pages 1137-1153, October.
    18. Lema, Adrian & Lema, Rasmus, 2016. "Low-carbon innovation and technology transfer in latecomer countries: Insights from solar PV in the clean development mechanism," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 223-236.
    19. Kasai, Katsuya, 2012. "How can LDCs benefit from the CDM?: A panel data analysis of determinants of CDM project hosting," MPRA Paper 52137, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Dec 2012.
    20. Pécastaing, Nicolas, 2013. "L’impact du mécanisme de développement propre (MDP) sur le développement « durable » : le cas du Pérou," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 89(1), pages 39-56, Mars.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Paris agreement; Kyoto protocol; Clean development mechanism (CDM); Official development assistance (ODA); Sustainable development;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:soceps:v:75:y:2021:i:c:s0038012119303957. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/seps .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Catherine Liu (email available below). General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/seps .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.