IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/pacfin/v57y2019ics0927538x16302426.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Financial liberalisation, bank ownership type and performance in a transition economy: The case of Vietnam

Author

Listed:
  • Le, Phuong Thanh
  • Harvie, Charles
  • Arjomandi, Amir
  • Borthwick, James

Abstract

Employing a sample of Vietnamese banks covering the period 2005 to 2015, this study investigates the influence of partial, and selective, financial liberalisation on bank efficiency by ownership type in a transition economy. The key findings are: (1) state-owned banks outperformed all other ownership types; (2) selective privatisation of state-owned banks exerted a positive influence on bank efficiency; (3) rural-to-urban private bank transformation decreased banking system efficiency; (4) minority foreign ownership exerted an insignificant impact on bank efficiency; (5) business group ownership improved the provision of intermediation services but deteriorated overall bank operating efficiency. Overall, the findings suggest that the post-WTO partial-liberalisation of the banking system in Vietnam impacted banks' efficiency differently subject to ownership type, with potentially adverse implications for long term economic growth and development.

Suggested Citation

  • Le, Phuong Thanh & Harvie, Charles & Arjomandi, Amir & Borthwick, James, 2019. "Financial liberalisation, bank ownership type and performance in a transition economy: The case of Vietnam," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 57(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:pacfin:v:57:y:2019:i:c:s0927538x16302426
    DOI: 10.1016/j.pacfin.2019.101182
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927538X16302426
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. World Bank & International Monetary Fund, 2014. "Financial Sector Assessment : Poland," World Bank Other Operational Studies 17355, The World Bank.
    2. Berger, Allen N. & Hasan, Iftekhar & Zhou, Mingming, 2009. "Bank ownership and efficiency in China: What will happen in the world's largest nation?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 113-130, January.
    3. Bonin, John P. & Hasan, Iftekhar & Wachtel, Paul, 2005. "Privatization matters: Bank efficiency in transition countries," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(8-9), pages 2155-2178, August.
    4. Berger, Allen N. & Mester, Loretta J., 2003. "Explaining the dramatic changes in performance of US banks: technological change, deregulation, and dynamic changes in competition," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 57-95, January.
    5. Fiordelisi, Franco & Marques-Ibanez, David & Molyneux, Phil, 2011. "Efficiency and risk in European banking," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 1315-1326, May.
    6. Evan Kraft & Richard Hofler & James Payne, 2006. "Privatization, foreign bank entry and bank efficiency in Croatia: a Fourier-flexible function stochastic cost frontier analysis," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(17), pages 2075-2088.
    7. Léopold Simar & Paul W. Wilson, 1998. "Sensitivity Analysis of Efficiency Scores: How to Bootstrap in Nonparametric Frontier Models," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 44(1), pages 49-61, January.
    8. Styrin Konstantin, 2005. "What Explains Differences in Efficiency Across Russian Banks?," EERC Working Paper Series 01-258e-1, EERC Research Network, Russia and CIS.
    9. Rosman, Romzie & Wahab, Norazlina Abd & Zainol, Zairy, 2014. "Efficiency of Islamic banks during the financial crisis: An analysis of Middle Eastern and Asian countries," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 76-90.
    10. Hasan, Iftekhar & Koetter, Michael & Wedow, Michael, 2009. "Regional growth and finance in Europe: Is there a quality effect of bank efficiency?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(8), pages 1446-1453, August.
    11. Belanès, Amel & Ftiti, Zied & Regaïeg, Rym, 2015. "What can we learn about Islamic banks efficiency under the subprime crisis? Evidence from GCC Region," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 81-92.
    12. Leung, M.K. & Chan, Ricky Y.K., 2006. "Are foreign banks sure winners in post-WTO China?," Business Horizons, Elsevier, vol. 49(3), pages 221-234.
    13. International Monetary Fund & World Bank, 2014. "Moldova Financial Sector Assessment Program," World Bank Other Operational Studies 22911, The World Bank.
    14. Thanh Pham Thien Nguyen & Eduardo Roca & Parmendra Sharma, 2014. "How efficient is the banking system of Asia's next economic dragon? Evidence from rolling DEA windows," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(22), pages 2665-2684, August.
    15. World Bank & International Monetary Fund, 2014. "Financial Sector Assessment Update : Albania," World Bank Other Operational Studies 17769, The World Bank.
    16. Xiaotian Tina Zhang & Yong Wang, 2014. "Production efficiency of Chinese banks: a revisit," Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 40(10), pages 969-986, October.
    17. Kneip, Alois & Simar, Léopold & Wilson, Paul W., 2008. "Asymptotics And Consistent Bootstraps For Dea Estimators In Nonparametric Frontier Models," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 24(6), pages 1663-1697, December.
    18. Phuong Anh Nguyen & Michel Simioni, 2015. "Productivity and efficiency of Vietnamese banking system: new evidence using Färe-Primont index analysis," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(41), pages 4395-4407, September.
    19. Laeven,Luc A., 1999. "Risk and efficiency in East Asian banks," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2255, The World Bank.
    20. Ewa M. Nikiel & Timothy P. Opiela, 2002. "Customer Type And Bank Efficiency In Poland: Implications For Emerging Market Banking," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 20(3), pages 255-271, July.
    21. Svetlana Andrianova & Panicos Demetriades & Anja Shortland, 2012. "Government Ownership of Banks, Institutions and Economic Growth," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 79(315), pages 449-469, July.
    22. Chiu, Ching-Ren & Chiu, Yung-Ho & Chen, Yu-Chuan & Fang, Chen-Ling, 2016. "Exploring the source of metafrontier inefficiency for various bank types in the two-stage network system with undesirable output," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 1-13.
    23. World Bank, 2014. "Moldova Financial Sector Assessment Program," World Bank Other Operational Studies 22910, The World Bank.
    24. Igor Jemric & Boris Vujcic, 2002. "Efficiency of Banks in Croatia: A DEA Approach*," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 44(2-3), pages 169-193, September.
    25. Laurent Weill, 2003. "Banking efficiency in transition economies," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 11(3), pages 569-592, September.
    26. Berger, Allen N. & DeYoung, Robert, 1997. "Problem loans and cost efficiency in commercial banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(6), pages 849-870, June.
    27. Bonin, John P. & Hasan, Iftekhar & Wachtel, Paul, 2005. "Bank performance, efficiency and ownership in transition countries," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 31-53, January.
    28. Kiril Tochkov & Nikolay Nenovsky, 2009. "Efficiency of commercial banks in Bulgaria in the wake of EU accession," ICER Working Papers 21-2009, ICER - International Centre for Economic Research.
    29. Guido W. Imbens & Jeffrey M. Wooldridge, 2009. "Recent Developments in the Econometrics of Program Evaluation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 47(1), pages 5-86, March.
    30. Jiang, Chunxia & Yao, Shujie & Zhang, Zongyi, 2009. "The effects of governance changes on bank efficiency in China: A stochastic distance function approach," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 717-731, December.
    31. T. S. Breusch & A. R. Pagan, 1980. "The Lagrange Multiplier Test and its Applications to Model Specification in Econometrics," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 47(1), pages 239-253.
    32. World Bank, 2014. "Moldova Financial Sector Assessment Program," World Bank Other Operational Studies 22906, The World Bank.
    33. Alexei Karas & Koen Schoors & Laurent Weill, 2010. "Are private banks more efficient than public banks?," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 18(1), pages 209-244, January.
    34. Hausman, Jerry, 2015. "Specification tests in econometrics," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 38(2), pages 112-134.
    35. H. Semih Yildirim & George Philippatos, 2007. "Efficiency of Banks: Recent Evidence from the Transition Economies of Europe, 1993-2000," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(2), pages 123-143.
    36. Kneip, Alois & Park, Byeong U. & Simar, Léopold, 1998. "A Note On The Convergence Of Nonparametric Dea Estimators For Production Efficiency Scores," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 14(6), pages 783-793, December.
    37. World Bank, 2014. "Financial Sector Assessment : Vietnam," World Bank Other Operational Studies 20583, The World Bank.
    38. Reint Gropp & Florian Heider, 2010. "The Determinants of Bank Capital Structure," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 14(4), pages 587-622.
    39. Levine, Ross, 2001. "International Financial Liberalization and Economic Growth," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 9(4), pages 688-702, November.
    40. Xu, Ying, 2011. "Towards a more accurate measure of foreign bank entry and its impact on domestic banking performance: The case of China," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 886-901, April.
    41. repec:hrv:faseco:30747188 is not listed on IDEAS
    42. John C. Driscoll & Aart C. Kraay, 1998. "Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimation With Spatially Dependent Panel Data," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(4), pages 549-560, November.
    43. Havrylchyk, Olena, 2006. "Efficiency of the Polish banking industry: Foreign versus domestic banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(7), pages 1975-1996, July.
    44. Belousova, Veronika & Karminsky, Alexander & Kozyr, Ilya, 2018. "Bank ownership and profit efficiency of Russian banks," BOFIT Discussion Papers 5/2018, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    45. Arjomandi, Amir & Valadkhani, Abbas & O’Brien, Martin, 2014. "Analysing banks’ intermediation and operational performance using the Hicks–Moorsteen TFP index: The case of Iran," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 111-125.
    46. Hansen, Christian B., 2007. "Generalized least squares inference in panel and multilevel models with serial correlation and fixed effects," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 140(2), pages 670-694, October.
    47. Koivu, Tuuli, 2002. "Do efficient banking sectors accelerate economic growth in transition countries?," BOFIT Discussion Papers 14/2002, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    48. Leightner, Jonathan E. & Lovell, C. A. Knox, 1998. "The Impact of Financial Liberalization on the Performance of Thai Banks," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 115-131, March.
    49. Marianne Bertrand & Esther Duflo & Sendhil Mullainathan, 2004. "How Much Should We Trust Differences-In-Differences Estimates?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 119(1), pages 249-275.
    50. Jeitschko, Thomas D. & Jeung, Shin Dong, 2005. "Incentives for risk-taking in banking - A unified approach," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 759-777, March.
    51. World Bank, 2014. "Moldova Financial Sector Assessment Program," World Bank Other Operational Studies 22904, The World Bank.
    52. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
    53. Ruhul Salim & Amir Arjomandi & K. Hervé Dakpo, 2017. "Banks’ efficiency and credit risk analysis using by-production approach: the case of Iranian banks," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(30), pages 2974-2988, June.
    54. International Monetary Fund & World Bank, 2014. "Financial Sector Assessment : Republic of Korea," World Bank Other Operational Studies 21418, The World Bank.
    55. Berger, Allen N. & Bonime, Seth D. & Covitz, Daniel M. & Hancock, Diana, 2000. "Why are bank profits so persistent? The roles of product market competition, informational opacity, and regional/macroeconomic shocks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(7), pages 1203-1235, July.
    56. Thanh Pham Thien Nguyen & Son Hong Nghiem & Eduardo Roca & Parmendra Sharma, 2016. "Bank reforms and efficiency in Vietnamese banks: evidence based on SFA and DEA," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(30), pages 2822-2835, June.
    57. Allen N. Berger & Robert DeYoung, "undated". "Problem Loans and Cost Efficiency in Commercial Banks," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 1997-08, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), revised 10 Dec 2019.
    58. David A Grigorian & Vlad Manole, 2006. "Determinants of Commercial Bank Performance in Transition: An Application of Data Envelopment Analysis," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 48(3), pages 497-522, September.
    59. World Bank & International Monetary Fund, 2014. "Financial Sector Assessment : Barbados," World Bank Other Operational Studies 18242, The World Bank.
    60. Tuuli Koivu, 2002. "Do efficient banking sectors accelerate economic growth in transition countries?," Macroeconomics 0212013, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    61. Simar, Leopold & Wilson, Paul W., 2007. "Estimation and inference in two-stage, semi-parametric models of production processes," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 136(1), pages 31-64, January.
    62. John P. Bonin & Isabel Schnabel, 2011. "The great transformation: From government‐owned to foreign‐controlled banking sectors," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 19(3), pages 397-405, July.
    63. Koutsomanoli-Filippaki, Anastasia & Margaritis, Dimitris & Staikouras, Christos, 2009. "Efficiency and productivity growth in the banking industry of Central and Eastern Europe," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 557-567, March.
    64. Igor Jemrić & Boris Vujčić, 2002. "Efficiency of Banks in Croatia: A DEA Approach," Working Papers 7, The Croatian National Bank, Croatia.
    65. Hasan, Iftekhar & Marton, Katherin, 2003. "Development and efficiency of the banking sector in a transitional economy: Hungarian experience," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(12), pages 2249-2271, December.
    66. Mamonov, Mikhail & Vernikov, Andrei, 2017. "Bank ownership and cost efficiency: New empirical evidence from Russia," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 305-319.
    67. Koetter, Michael & Wedow, Michael, 2010. "Finance and growth in a bank-based economy: Is it quantity or quality that matters?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(8), pages 1529-1545, December.
    68. Yu Chen & Yufei Wang, 2015. "The Efficiency of China's Banking Industry and the Determinants," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(4), pages 631-653, December.
    69. Asian Development Bank (ADB), 2014. "Viet Nam: Financial Sector Assessment, Strategy, and Road Map," ADB Reports RPT146520, Asian Development Bank (ADB), revised 08 Aug 2014.
    70. World Bank, 2014. "Moldova Financial Sector Assessment Program," World Bank Other Operational Studies 22903, The World Bank.
    71. Fries, Steven & Taci, Anita, 2005. "Cost efficiency of banks in transition: Evidence from 289 banks in 15 post-communist countries," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 55-81, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank efficiency; Financial liberalisation; Ownership type; Business environment; Vietnam; Data envelopment analysis; Generalised difference-in-differences;

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:pacfin:v:57:y:2019:i:c:s0927538x16302426. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/pacfin .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.