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Bank ownership and cost efficiency in Russia, revisited

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  • Mamonov, Mikhail
  • Vernikov, Andrei

Abstract

This paper considers the comparative efficiency of public, private, and foreign banks in Rus-sia, a transition economy with several unusual features. We perform stochastic frontier anal-ysis (SFA) of Russian bank-level quarterly data over the period 2005–2013. The method of computation of comparative cost efficiency is amended to control for the effect of revalua-tion of foreign currency items in bank balance sheets. Public banks are split into core and other state-controlled banks. Employing the generalized method of moments, we estimate a set of distance functions that measure the observed differences in SFA scores of banks and bank clusters (heterogeneity in risk preference and asset structure) to explain changes in bank efficiency rankings. Our results for comparative Russian bank efficiency show higher efficiency scores, less volatility, and narrower spreads between the scores of different bank types than in previous studies. Foreign banks appear to be the least cost-efficient market participants, while core state banks on average are nearly as efficient as private domestic banks. We suggest that foreign banks gain cost-efficiency when they increase their loans-to-assets ratios above the sample median level. Core state banks, conversely, lead in terms of cost efficiency when their loans-to-assets ratio falls below the sample median level. The presented approach is potentially applicable to analysis of bank efficiency in other dollarized emerging markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Mamonov, Mikhail & Vernikov, Andrei, 2015. "Bank ownership and cost efficiency in Russia, revisited," BOFIT Discussion Papers 22/2015, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
  • Handle: RePEc:bof:bofitp:2015_022
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    Cited by:

    1. Mamonov, Mikhail & Vernikov, Andrei, 2017. "Bank ownership and cost efficiency: New empirical evidence from Russia," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 305-319.
    2. A.O. Karas & Andrei Vernikov, 2016. "Russian Bank Database : Birth and Death, Location, Mergers, Deposit Insurance Participation, State and Foreign Ownership," Working Papers 16-04, Utrecht School of Economics.
    3. Simone Auer & Emidio Cocozza & Andrea COlabella, 2016. "The financial systems in Russia and Turkey: recent developments and challenges," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 358, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    4. Belousova, V. & Kozyr, I., 2016. "How Do Macroeconomic Indicators Influence Banking Profitability in Russia?," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, vol. 30(2), pages 77-103.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • P23 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Factor and Product Markets; Industry Studies; Population
    • P34 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Finance
    • P52 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies

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