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Bank ownership and cost efficiency: New empirical evidence from Russia

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  • Mamonov, Mikhail
  • Vernikov, Andrei

Abstract

This paper investigates the cost efficiency of Russian banks with regard to their heterogeneity in terms of ownership form, capitalization and asset structure. Using bank-level quarterly data over the period 2005–2013, we perform stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) and compute cost efficiency scores at the bank and bank group levels. We deduct from gross costs the negative revaluations of foreign currency items generated by official exchange rate dynamics rather than by managerial decisions. The results indicate that the core state banks, as distinct from other state-controlled banks, were nearly as efficient as private domestic banks during and after the crisis of 2008–2009. Foreign banks appear to be the least efficient market participants in terms of costs, which might reflect their lower (and decreasing over time) penetration of the Russian banking system. We further document that the group ranking by cost efficiency is not permanent over time and depends on the observed differences in bank capitalization and asset structure. We find that foreign banks gain cost efficiency when they lend more to the economy. Core state banks, conversely, lead in terms of cost efficiency when they lend less to the economy, which can result from political interference in their lending decisions in favor of unprofitable projects Private domestic banks that maintain a lower capitalization significantly outperform foreign banks and do not differ from the core state banks in this respect.

Suggested Citation

  • Mamonov, Mikhail & Vernikov, Andrei, 2017. "Bank ownership and cost efficiency: New empirical evidence from Russia," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 305-319.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecosys:v:41:y:2017:i:2:p:305-319
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ecosys.2016.08.001
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    Cited by:

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    2. Mamonov, M., 2020. "Price interactions in the credit market and banks instability over the crisis and non-crisis periods in the Russian economy," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, vol. 45(1), pages 65-110.
    3. Vernikov, Andrei & Mamonov, Mikhail, 2018. "Modelling technical efficiency of firms under one-step and two-step approaches (the case of commercial banks)," Applied Econometrics, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), vol. 49, pages 67-90.
    4. Nikolay Pilnik & Stanislav Radionov & Artem Yazykov, 2018. "The Optimal Behavior Model of the Modern Russian Banking System," HSE Economic Journal, National Research University Higher School of Economics, vol. 22(3), pages 418-447.
    5. Claudiu Albulescu, 2020. "Bank financial stability, bank valuation and international oil prices: Evidence from listed Russian public banks," Papers 2004.12791, arXiv.org.
    6. N. P. Pilnik & I. G. Pospelov & S. A. Radionov, 2020. "On Limits of the Influence of the Bank of Russia Key Rate on Indicators of the Russian Banking System," Studies on Russian Economic Development, Springer, vol. 31(2), pages 229-237, March.
    7. Vernikov, Andrei, 2017. "Структурные Или Институциональные Сдвиги? Попытка Измерения На Примере Банковского Сектора [Structural change, institutional change and their measurement: The case of banking]," MPRA Paper 79978, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Belousova, Veronika & Karminsky, Alexander & Kozyr, Ilya, 2018. "The macroeconomic and institutional determinants of the profit efficiency frontier for Russian banks," Applied Econometrics, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), vol. 49, pages 91-114.
    9. Le, Phuong Thanh & Harvie, Charles & Arjomandi, Amir & Borthwick, James, 2019. "Financial liberalisation, bank ownership type and performance in a transition economy: The case of Vietnam," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 57(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cost efficiency; Bank ownership; Capitalization; Asset structure; Stochastic frontier analysis; State-controlled banks; Russia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • P23 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Factor and Product Markets; Industry Studies; Population
    • P34 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Finance
    • P52 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies

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