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Open market operations

Author

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  • Rocheteau, Guillaume
  • Wright, Randall
  • Xiaolin Xiao, Sylvia

Abstract

In an open market operation, the central bank swaps currency for bonds. We show how injecting money in this way is different from transfers, the way policy is usually formulated. The model captures liquidity explicitly by modeling the roles of assets in frictional exchange. Under various specifications for market structure and the acceptability or pledgeability of assets, we discuss implications for the Fisher and quantity equations, the possibility of negative nominal yields, liquidity traps, and market segmentation. When liquidity is endogenized using information theory, multiple equilibria emerge, with different policy predictions. Interest on reserves and quantitative easing are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Rocheteau, Guillaume & Wright, Randall & Xiaolin Xiao, Sylvia, 2018. "Open market operations," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 114-128.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:moneco:v:98:y:2018:i:c:p:114-128
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jmoneco.2018.04.012
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Athanasios Geromichalos & Lucas Herrenbrueck, 2022. "The Liquidity-Augmented Model of Macroeconomic Aggregates: A New Monetarist DSGE Approach," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 45, pages 134-167, July.
    2. Choi, Michael & Rocheteau, Guillaume, 2022. "Money mining and price dynamics: The case of divisible currencies," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 142(C).
    3. Williamson, Stephen D., 2019. "Interest on reserves, interbank lending, and monetary policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 14-30.
    4. Altermatt, Lukas & Iwasaki, Kohei & Wright, Randall, 2021. "Asset pricing in monetary economies," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 115(C).
    5. Dhital, Saroj & Gomis-Porqueras, Pedro & Haslag, Joseph H., 2021. "Monetary and fiscal policy interactions in a frictional model of fiat money, nominal public debt and banking," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 139(C).
    6. Rocheteau, Guillaume & Weill, Pierre-Olivier & Wong, Tsz-Nga, 2021. "An heterogeneous-agent New-Monetarist model with an application to unemployment," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 117(C), pages 64-90.
    7. Berentsen, Aleksander & Kraenzlin, Sébastien & Müller, Benjamin, 2018. "Exit strategies for monetary policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 20-40.
    8. Giuseppe Ferrero & Michele Loberto & Marcello Miccoli, 2021. "The assets’ pledgeability channel of unconventional monetary policy," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 59(4), pages 1547-1568, October.
    9. Narayan Bulusu, 2020. "Why Do Central Banks Make Public Announcements of Open Market Operations?," Staff Working Papers 20-35, Bank of Canada.
    10. Chien-Chiang Wang, 2023. "Asset Market Frictions, Household Heterogeneity, and the Liquidity Theory of the Term Structure," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 47, pages 67-99, January.
    11. Wang, Tianxi, 2021. "Government Bonds, Bank Liquidity and Non-Neutrality of Monetary Policy in the Steady," Economics Discussion Papers 29502, University of Essex, Department of Economics.
    12. Carli, Francesco & Gomis-Porqueras, Pedro, 2021. "Real consequences of open market operations: The role of limited commitment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 132(C).
    13. Marieh Azizirad, 2022. "Fisher vs Keynes: Does an Interest Rate Hike Cause Inflation to Increase or Decrease?," Discussion Papers dp22-08, Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University.
    14. Zannini, Ugo, 2020. "The optimal quantity of money and partially-liquid assets," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 188(C).
    15. Davoodalhosseini, Seyed Mohammadreza, 2022. "Central bank digital currency and monetary policy," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 142(C).
    16. Guillaume Rocheteau & Lucie Lebeau & Tai-Wei Hu & Younghwan In, 2018. "Gradual Bargaining in Decentralized Asset Markets," Working Papers 181904, University of California-Irvine, Department of Economics.
    17. Ennis, Huberto M., 2018. "A simple general equilibrium model of large excess reserves," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 50-65.
    18. Lucas Herrenbrueck, 2019. "Interest Rates, Moneyness, and the Fisher Equation," Discussion Papers dp19-01, Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University.
    19. Lee, Sukjoon, 2020. "Liquidity Premium, Credit Costs, and Optimal Monetary Policy," MPRA Paper 104825, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Herrenbrueck, Lucas, 2019. "Frictional asset markets and the liquidity channel of monetary policy," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 181(C), pages 82-120.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary policy; Interest rates; Inflation; Liquidity;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E4 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit

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