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Is there a dirty little secret? Non-tariff barriers and the gains from trade

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  • Winchester, Niven

Abstract

We estimate tariff equivalents (TEs) of non-tariff barriers (NTBs) using a series of gravity equations. Our analysis focuses on New Zealand, a nation that has a comprehensive free trade agreement (with Australia) that can be used to benchmark other trade negotiations. We estimate reductions in TEs following trade negotiations as differences between New Zealand-Australia TEs and those applying to trade between New Zealand and other nations. Simulating reductions in tariffs and NTBs in a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model indicates that gains from trade liberalisation are much larger when tariffs and NTBs are considered than when only tariffs are reduced. Our results have several implications for trade policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Winchester, Niven, 2009. "Is there a dirty little secret? Non-tariff barriers and the gains from trade," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 819-834, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jpolmo:v:31:y:2009:i:6:p:819-834
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    Cited by:

    1. Owen, P. Dorian & Winchester, Niven, 2014. "The impact of US fresh milk production standards on dairy trade," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 36(6), pages 1008-1021.
    2. Mike Webb & John Gibson & Anna Strutt, 2017. "The Importance of Biosecurity: How Diseases Can Affect International Beef Trade," Working Papers in Economics 17/13, University of Waikato.
    3. Matteo Cacciatore & Fabio Ghironi & Stephen J. Turnovsky, 2015. "Inflation Targeting and Economic Reforms in New Zealand," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 11(4), pages 145-198, September.
    4. Sebastian Benz & Erdal Yalcin, 2013. "Quantifying the Economic Effects of an EU-Japan Free Trade Agreement," CESifo Working Paper Series 4319, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. John C. Beghin & Miet Maertens & Johan Swinnen, 2017. "Nontariff Measures and Standards in Trade and Global Value Chains," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Nontariff Measures and International Trade, chapter 2, pages 13-38 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    6. repec:wsi:wschap:9789813144415_0004 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Yuan Li & John C. Beghin, 2017. "A meta-analysis of estimates of the impact of technical barriers to trade," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Nontariff Measures and International Trade, chapter 4, pages 63-77 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    8. Engelbert, Tanja & Brockmeier, Martina, 2012. "Analyse Des Freihandelsabkommens Zwischen Der Eu Und Indien Unter Berücksichtigung Von Nicht-Tarifären Handelshemmnissen Im Agrar – Und Ernährungsbereich," 52nd Annual Conference, Stuttgart, Germany, September 26-28, 2012 133034, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA).
    9. repec:eee:jpolmo:v:39:y:2017:i:6:p:1007-1018 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Kazunobu Hayakawa & Fukunari Kimura, 2015. "How Much Do Free Trade Agreements Reduce Impediments to Trade?," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 26(4), pages 711-729, September.
    11. repec:eee:jfpoli:v:75:y:2018:i:c:p:93-108 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Hayakawa, Kazunobu & Kimura, Fukunari, 2014. "How do free trade agreements reduce tariff rates and non-tariff barriers?," IDE Discussion Papers 446, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    13. Santeramo, Fabio Gaetano & Cioffi, Antonio, 2012. "The entry price threshold in EU agriculture: Deterrent or barrier?," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 691-704.
    14. Shao, Qianqian & Punt, Maarten & Wesseler, Justus, 2015. "Trade Liberalization on the EU-US GMO Agreement: A Political Economy Approach," GMCC-15: Seventh GMCC, November 17-20, 2015, Amsterdam, the Netherlands 211488, International Conference on Coexistence between Genetically Modified (GM) and non-GM based Agricultural Supply Chains (GMCC).
    15. Murat Genç & David Law, 2014. "A Gravity Model of Barriers to Trade in New Zealand," Treasury Working Paper Series 14/05, New Zealand Treasury.
    16. Beckman, Jayson & Arita, Shawn & Mitchell, Lorraine & Burfisher, Mary, 2015. "Agriculture in the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership: Tariffs, Tariff-Rate Quotas, and Non-Tariff Measures," Economic Research Report 212886, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    17. Shao, Qianqian & Punt, Maarten & Wesseler, Justus, 2014. "A Political-Economy Analysis of a GMO Trade Agreement," 2014 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2014, Minneapolis, Minnesota 170047, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

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