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Portuguese food retailers – Exploring three classic theories of retail location


  • Reigadinha, Tânia
  • Godinho, Pedro
  • Dias, Joana


This article sets forth results from an exploratory empirical study that aimed to test the predictive validity of three classic location theories: central place theory, spatial interaction theory and the principle of minimum differentiation. Correlation, linear regression and analytical procedures in a Geographic Information System were used to reveal relationships between variables. The results show that all theories find significant support. It was possible to relate store location with distance to the centre, population density and competitor's location. It was also found that store location is related to consumer's proximity to the store (when stores are smaller) and the store's attractiveness to the consumer (when stores are larger).

Suggested Citation

  • Reigadinha, Tânia & Godinho, Pedro & Dias, Joana, 2017. "Portuguese food retailers – Exploring three classic theories of retail location," Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 102-116.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:joreco:v:34:y:2017:i:c:p:102-116
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jretconser.2016.09.015

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    10. Janet S. Netz & Beck A. Taylor, 2002. "Maximum Or Minimum Differentiation? Location Patterns Of Retail Outlets," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(1), pages 162-175, February.
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    1. Olga Porro & Francesc Pardo-Bosch & Núria Agell & Mónica Sánchez, 2020. "Understanding Location Decisions of Energy Multinational Enterprises within the European Smart Cities’ Context: An Integrated AHP and Extended Fuzzy Linguistic TOPSIS Method," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(10), pages 1-29, May.
    2. Yıldız, Nurdan & Tüysüz, Fatih, 2019. "A hybrid multi-criteria decision making approach for strategic retail location investment: Application to Turkish food retailing," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).
    3. Gonzalo Wandosell & María Concepción Parra-Meroño & Raul Baños, 2019. "Online Store Locator: An Essential Resource for Retailers in the 21st Century," Social Sciences, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(2), pages 1-13, February.
    4. Hallak, Rob & Assaker, Guy & O’Connor, Peter & Lee, Craig, 2018. "Firm performance in the upscale restaurant sector: The effects of resilience, creative self-efficacy, innovation and industry experience," Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 229-240.
    5. Adeniyi, Oluwole & Brown, Abraham & Whysall, Paul, 2020. "Retail location preferences: A comparative analysis," Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, Elsevier, vol. 55(C).
    6. Wonjun Cho & Minho Kim & Hyunjung Kim & Youngsang Kwon, 2020. "Transforming Housing to Commercial Use: A Case Study on Commercial Gentrification in Yeon-nam District, Seoul," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(10), pages 1-17, May.
    7. Ceren Erdin & Halil Emre Akbaş, 2019. "A Comparative Analysis of Fuzzy TOPSIS and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for the Location Selection of Shopping Malls: A Case Study from Turkey," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(14), pages 1-22, July.

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