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Transforming Housing to Commercial Use: A Case Study on Commercial Gentrification in Yeon-nam District, Seoul

Author

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  • Wonjun Cho

    () (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Seoul National University, Gwanak-ro 1, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea)

  • Minho Kim

    () (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Seoul National University, Gwanak-ro 1, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea)

  • Hyunjung Kim

    () (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Seoul National University, Gwanak-ro 1, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea)

  • Youngsang Kwon

    () (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Seoul National University, Gwanak-ro 1, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea
    Smart City Research Center, Advanced Institute of Convergence Technology, Suwon 16229, Korea)

Abstract

Commercial gentrification has had a significant impact on the urban environment, particularly in leading to the upscaling and expansion of food and beverage (F&B) commercial activities. F&B commercialization and proliferation has emerged from (a) the borders of newly provided urban open space and (b) seed points where small-sized commercial areas had already been formed. However, few studies have simultaneously explored the commercialization process of these different contextual sub-regions over a relatively long time period. This study of Yeon-nam district, Seoul, aims to demonstrate empirically (1) how the F&B commercial stores have been distributed over the past decade and (2) which of the factors that are the spreading center of the F&B store is the critical factor. Using kernel density estimation, the study discovered that the old–residential district has been entirely transformed to an F&B commercial district since the Gyeong-ui Line Forest Park opened in the district. Furthermore, through the analysis of standard deviational ellipses, we empirically verified that F&B commercialization was more substantial in the seed region. Based on the findings, policy recommendations for urban planning and design, especially urban gentrification management and regeneration, are provided.

Suggested Citation

  • Wonjun Cho & Minho Kim & Hyunjung Kim & Youngsang Kwon, 2020. "Transforming Housing to Commercial Use: A Case Study on Commercial Gentrification in Yeon-nam District, Seoul," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(10), pages 1-17, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:12:y:2020:i:10:p:4322-:d:362722
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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