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Stage Classification and Characteristics Analysis of Commercial Gentrification in Seoul

Author

Listed:
  • Yoonchae Yoon

    () (Department of Urban Planning, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Korea)

  • Jina Park

    () (Department of Urban Planning and Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Korea)

Abstract

Recently, local shops and small houses in Seoul have been converted to cafes, western style restaurants, and large chain stores. These changes, recognized as commercial gentrification in residential areas, are now a big issue in Korean society. This phenomenon has some positive effects, such as the emergence of new consumption spaces and improved neighborhood images. However, this study concentrated on changes in regional characteristics, landscape, and industry homogenization. This study demonstrates the presence of a cyclical environmental change process commonly identified in areas of gentrification and identifies characteristics of individual stages of the gentrification process. The results indicate that medium-scale local stores in Stage 1 changed to small-scale food and beverage businesses in Stage 2. Then, in Stage 3, they changed to large-scale clothing retailers. In particular, the process of change from Stage 2 to Stage 3 revealed that, as the diversity of business types decreases, their uses change and the proportion of chain stores increases. In other words, although Stage 2 has the highest level of mixed use and density, indicating the greatest level of vitality, commercial gentrification to Stage 3 results in decreases in use, the number of aged buildings, and density. Thus, Stage 3 can be identified as the stage in which streets lose their vitality, as suggested by Jacobs. To maintain street vitality, it is suggested that commercial district management occurs during the transformation from Stage 2 to Stage 3 of commercial gentrification.

Suggested Citation

  • Yoonchae Yoon & Jina Park, 2018. "Stage Classification and Characteristics Analysis of Commercial Gentrification in Seoul," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(7), pages 1-16, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:7:p:2440-:d:157621
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Rachel Meltzer & Jenny Schuetz, 2012. "Bodegas or Bagel Shops? Neighborhood Differences in Retail and Household Services," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 26(1), pages 73-94, February.
    2. Stacey A. Sutton, 2010. "Rethinking Commercial Revitalization: A Neighborhood Small Business Perspective," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 24(4), pages 352-371, November.
    3. Chris Hamnett, 2003. "Gentrification and the Middle-class Remaking of Inner London, 1961-2001," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 40(12), pages 2401-2426, November.
    4. Loretta Lees, 2003. "Super-gentrification: The Case of Brooklyn Heights, New York City," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 40(12), pages 2487-2509, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    gentrification; Seoul; Jane Jacobs; diversity; chain store; sense of place;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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