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Capital inflows, monetary policy, and financial imbalances

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  • Merrouche, Ouarda
  • Nier, Erlend

Abstract

Ahead of the global financial crisis, financial imbalances built up across advanced economies as credit grew and was increasingly funded in wholesale financial markets. This paper investigates empirically three potential drivers of the build-up of these financial imbalances: rising global imbalances (capital flows); loose monetary policy; and inadequate supervision and regulation. We perform panel data regressions for OECD countries from 1999 to 2007 to explore the relative importance of these factors. We find that differences in the build-up of wholesale-funded credit were driven by the strength of capital inflows. Moreover, we document an interaction effect, whereby the effect of inflows on the build-up was amplified where the supervisory and regulatory environment was relatively weak. In contrast, differences in monetary policy did not significantly affect differences across countries in the build-up of these financial imbalances ahead of the crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Merrouche, Ouarda & Nier, Erlend, 2017. "Capital inflows, monetary policy, and financial imbalances," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 117-142.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:77:y:2017:i:c:p:117-142
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2017.05.004
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    1. Thorvardur Tjoervi Olafsson, 2018. "Cross-Border Credit Intermediation and Domestic Liquidity Provision in a Small Open Economy," IMF Working Papers 2018/202, International Monetary Fund.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Global imbalances; Monetary policy; Supervision and regulation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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