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The Global Financial Crisis—What Drove The Build-Up?

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  • Merrouche, Ouarda
  • Nier, Erlend

Abstract

This paper investigates empirically three potential drivers of financial imbalances ahead of the global financial crisis: rising global imbalances (capital flows); loose monetary policy; and inadequate supervision and regulation. We perform panel data regressions for OECD countries from 1999 to 2007 to explore the relative importance of these factors, as well as the extent to which they might have interacted in fuelling the build-up. We find that the build-up of financial imbalances was driven by capital inflows and an associated compression of the spread between long and short rates. The effect of capital inflows on the build-up was amplified where the supervisory and regulatory environment was relatively weak. In contrast, differences in monetary policy did not significantly affect differences across countries in the build-up of financial imbalances ahead of the crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Merrouche, Ouarda & Nier, Erlend, 2014. "The Global Financial Crisis—What Drove The Build-Up?," CEPR Discussion Papers 10015, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:10015
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. A. Penalver, 2014. "Pre-crisis credit standards: monetary policy or the savings glut?," Working papers 519, Banque de France.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    global imbalances; monetary policy; supervision and regulation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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