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The role of cross-sectional heterogeneity for magnitude and timing of the euro's trade effect


  • Herwartz, Helmut
  • Weber, Henning


This paper examines the role of cross-sectional heterogeneity for estimating the euro's effect on euro-area trade. In the empirical analysis, the impact of trade costs on trade and the transition dynamics to the new monetary regime can vary cross-sectionally in trade sectors and country pairs. Unobserved state variables that account for time-varying and omitted trade costs and multilateral resistance terms can also vary cross-sectionally. The results show that cross-sectional heterogeneity is strongly supported by the data and that the average euro effect coincides with consensus estimates. Decomposing the average effect uncovers large cross-sectional heterogeneity in its magnitude. Also, the average trade effect unfolds only gradually over time, since it is composed of many trade sectors that adjust at different dates.

Suggested Citation

  • Herwartz, Helmut & Weber, Henning, 2013. "The role of cross-sectional heterogeneity for magnitude and timing of the euro's trade effect," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 48-74.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:37:y:2013:i:c:p:48-74 DOI: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2013.05.001

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Franc Klaassen & Rutger Teulings, 2017. "Untangling Real Gravity," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 17-121/VI, Tinbergen Institute.

    More about this item


    Euro's trade effect; Coefficient heterogeneity; Smooth transition function;

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission


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