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Disentangling liberalization and privatization policies: Is there a political trade-off?

Listed author(s):
  • Belloc, Filippo
  • Nicita, Antonio
  • Sepe, Simone M.

We empirically investigate the political determinants of liberalization and privatization policies in six network industries of 30 OECD countries (1975–2007). We unbundle liberalization and privatization reforms and study their simultaneous determination in a two-equation model. Unlike previous studies, we account for cross-effects between the two pro-market measures. Our findings unveil that both right-wing and left-wing governments implement liberalizations and privatizations, showing a common trend under the so-called neo-liberalism wave. However, although the privatization rate is higher than liberalization in right-wing environments, the opposite occurs under left-wing governments. We argue that ideological cleavages still affect pro-market reforms, particularly the combination of privatization and liberalization policies. We conclude that different deregulation patterns should be expected under governments characterized by different political ideologies. Our results shed new light on the literature investigating the political-economic rationale underpinning pro-market choices.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Comparative Economics.

Volume (Year): 42 (2014)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 1033-1051

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jcecon:v:42:y:2014:i:4:p:1033-1051
DOI: 10.1016/j.jce.2013.11.003
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622864

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