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Estimating changes in supervisory standards and their economic effects

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  • Bassett, William F.
  • Lee, Seung Jung
  • Spiller, Thomas Popeck

Abstract

The disappointingly slow recovery in the U.S. from the depths of the financial crisis once again focused attention on the relationship between financial frictions and economic growth. Some bankers and borrowers suggested that unnecessarily tight supervisory policies were a constraint on new lending that hindered the recovery. This paper explores one aspect of supervisory policy: whether the standards used to assign commercial bank CAMELS ratings have changed materially over time (1991–2013). Models incorporating time-varying parameters or economy-wide variables suggest that standards used in the assignment of CAMELS ratings over the post-crisis period generally were in line with historical experience. Indeed, each of the models used suggests that the variation in supervisory standards has been relatively small in absolute terms over most of the sample period. However, we show that when this measure of supervisory stringency becomes elevated, it has a noticeable dampening effect on lending activity in subsequent quarters.

Suggested Citation

  • Bassett, William F. & Lee, Seung Jung & Spiller, Thomas Popeck, 2015. "Estimating changes in supervisory standards and their economic effects," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 21-43.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:60:y:2015:i:c:p:21-43
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2015.07.010
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Haubrich, Joseph G. & Balasubramanyan, Lakshmi, 2014. "What do we know about regional banks? An exploratory analysis," Working Paper 1316, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
    2. Bassett, William F. & Chosak, Mary Beth & Driscoll, John C. & Zakrajšek, Egon, 2014. "Changes in bank lending standards and the macroeconomy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 23-40.
    3. Hirtle, Beverly & Kovner, Anna & Plosser, Matthew, 2016. "The impact of supervision on bank performance," Staff Reports 768, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, revised 01 Jul 2016.
    4. repec:nea:journl:y:2017i:36:p:49-80 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Elizabeth K. Kiser & Robin A. Prager & Jason R. Scott, 2012. "Supervisor ratings and the contraction of bank lending to small businesses," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2012-59, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    6. Yang, Ling, 2016. "Is Bank Supervision Effective? Evidence from the Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses," MPRA Paper 75761, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. John Kandrac & Bernd Schlusche, 2017. "The Effect of Bank Supervision on Risk Taking : Evidence from a Natural Experiment," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2017-079, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    8. repec:eee:finsta:v:30:y:2017:i:c:p:209-228 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:eee:eecrev:v:95:y:2017:i:c:p:125-141 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:eee:intfin:v:52:y:2018:i:c:p:90-101 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank supervision and regulation; Financial frictions; CAMELS ratings; Supervisory standards;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance

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