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The impact of supervision on bank performance

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  • Beverly Hirtle
  • Anna Kovner
  • Matthew Plosser

Abstract

We explore the impact of supervision on the riskiness, profitability, and growth of U.S. banks. Using data on supervisors? time use, we demonstrate that the top-ranked banks by size within a supervisory district receive more attention from supervisors, even after controlling for size, complexity, risk, and other characteristics. Using a matched sample approach, we find that these top-ranked banks that receive more supervisory attention hold less risky loan portfolios and are less volatile and less sensitive to industry downturns, but do not have slower growth or profitability. Our results underscore the distinct role of supervision in mitigating banking sector risk.

Suggested Citation

  • Beverly Hirtle & Anna Kovner & Matthew Plosser, 2016. "The impact of supervision on bank performance," Staff Reports 768, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fednsr:768
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Nicola Pierri & Yannick Timmer, 2020. "Tech in Fin before FinTech: Blessing or Curse for Financial Stability?," CESifo Working Paper Series 8067, CESifo.
    2. Charles W. Calomiris & Mark Carlson, 2018. "Bank Examiners’ Information and Expertise and Their Role in Monitoring and Disciplining Banks Before and During the Panic of 1893," NBER Working Papers 24460, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Ampudia, Miguel & Beck, Thorsten & Beyer, Andreas & Colliard, Jean-Edouard & Leonello, Agnese & Maddaloni, Angela & Marqués-Ibáñez, David, 2019. "The architecture of supervision," Working Paper Series 2287, European Central Bank.
    4. Carlos Altavilla & Miguel Boucinha & José-Luis Peydró & Frank Smets, 2019. "Banking supervision, monetary policy and risk-taking: Big data evidence from 15 credit registers," Economics Working Papers 1684, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Dec 2020.
    5. Andreas Fuster & Matthew Plosser & James Vickery, 2018. "Does CFPB oversight crimp credit?," Staff Reports 857, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    6. Stijn Claessens & Andy Law & Teng Wang, 2018. "How do credit ratings affect bank lending under capital constraints?," BIS Working Papers 747, Bank for International Settlements.
    7. Stefan Kerbl & Katharina Steiner, 2020. "Austrian banks’ lending risk appetite in times of expansive monetary policy and tightening capital regulation," Financial Stability Report, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 39, pages 89-109.
    8. Thomas M. Eisenbach & David O. Lucca & Robert M. Townsend, 2016. "The Economics of Bank Supervision," NBER Working Papers 22201, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Shapiro, Joel & Zeng, Jing, 2019. "Stress Testing and Bank Lending," CEPR Discussion Papers 13907, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. John Kandrac & Bernd Schlusche, 2017. "The Effect of Bank Supervision on Risk Taking : Evidence from a Natural Experiment," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2017-079, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    11. Fraccaroli, Nicolò, 2019. "Supervisory governance, capture and non‑performing loans," Bank of England working papers 820, Bank of England.
    12. Abbassi, Puriya & Iyer, Rajkamal & Peydró, José-Luis & Soto, Paul, 2020. "Stressed Banks? Evidence from the Largest-Ever Supervisory Review," EconStor Preprints 217048, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    13. Prachi Mishra & Ariell Reshef, 2019. "How Do Central Bank Governors Matter? Regulation and the Financial Sector," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 51(2-3), pages 369-402, March.
    14. Filippo Curti & W. Scott Frame & Atanas Mihov, 2020. "Are the Largest Banking Organizations Operationally More Risky?," Working Papers 2016, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
    15. Nicoletti, Allison, 2018. "The effects of bank regulators and external auditors on loan loss provisions," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 244-265.
    16. Richard K. Crump & Joao A. C. Santos, 2018. "Review of New York Fed studies on the effects of post-crisis banking reforms," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue 24-2, pages 71-90.
    17. Zhenni Yang & Christopher Gan & Zhaohua Li, 2019. "Role of Bank Regulation on Bank Performance: Evidence from Asia-Pacific Commercial Banks," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(3), pages 1-1, August.
    18. Anna M. Costello & João Granja & Joseph Weber, 2019. "Do Strict Regulators Increase the Transparency of Banks?," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 603-637, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    bank supervision; bank regulation; bank performance;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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