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Two depressions, one banking collapse: Lessons from Australia


  • Kent, Christopher John


In Australia, the 1890s depression was associated with a banking system collapse, whereas financial problems during the 1930s depression were far less severe. While the behaviour of the financial sector was obviously pro-cyclical during the 1890s episode, there were signs of more prudent behaviour and stronger financial institutions leading up to the 1930s depression. This change was aided by a change in the competitive environment and by the experience of the preceding financial crisis. The lessons from Australia's depression experiences are of relevance to debates about the causes of the current global financial crisis and required regulatory reforms.

Suggested Citation

  • Kent, Christopher John, 2011. "Two depressions, one banking collapse: Lessons from Australia," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 7(3), pages 126-137, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:finsta:v:7:y:2011:i:3:p:126-137

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Markus K. Brunnermeier & Isabel Schnabel, 2014. "Bubbles and Central Banks: Historical Perspectives," Working Papers 1411, Gutenberg School of Management and Economics, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, revised 31 Oct 2014.
    2. repec:bla:ozechr:v:57:y:2017:i:3:p:291-315 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Tim Robinson & Tim Atkin & Mark Caputo & Hao Wang, 2017. "Macroeconomic Consequences of Terms of Trade Episodes, Past and Present," Australian Economic History Review, Economic History Society of Australia and New Zealand, vol. 57(3), pages 291-315, November.
    4. Tom Cusbert & Thomas Rohling, 2013. "Currency Demand during the Global Financial Crisis: Evidence from Australia," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2013-01, Reserve Bank of Australia.


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