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Currency Demand during the Global Financial Crisis: Evidence from Australia

Author

Listed:
  • Tom Cusbert

    (Reserve Bank of Australia)

  • Thomas Rohling

    (Reserve Bank of Australia)

Abstract

Australian financial institutions remained healthy throughout the global financial crisis and their deposits were guaranteed by the Federal Government. Nevertheless, demand for currency increased abnormally quickly in late 2008, resulting in an additional $5 billion (or 12 per cent) of Australian banknotes on issue by the end of that year. The rise in currency demand began in mid October 2008, around four weeks after the collapse of Lehman Brothers and concurrently with policy responses of the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) and the Federal Government. The surge in currency demand did not have any destabilising effect on the banking system – indeed bank deposits also rose during the period. However, the rise in currency demand did raise some issues for the RBA's banknote distribution operations. Traditional methods of currency demand suggest a role for interest rate reductions and the Federal Government stimulus payments to households in explaining the increase in currency holdings. We estimate that these factors can only account for around 20 per cent of the observed increase in currency holdings. The remainder of the rise could be due to an increase in precautionary holdings by people concerned about the liquidity or solvency of financial institutions and by financial institutions as a contingency. This is consistent with the disproportionate rise in demand for high-denomination banknotes at this time.

Suggested Citation

  • Tom Cusbert & Thomas Rohling, 2013. "Currency Demand during the Global Financial Crisis: Evidence from Australia," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2013-01, Reserve Bank of Australia.
  • Handle: RePEc:rba:rbardp:rdp2013-01
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ramírez, Juan & Vásquez, José, 2014. "Circulante y PBI en el Perú," Revista Moneda, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 158, pages 11-15.
    2. Miller, Callum, 2017. "Addressing the limitations of forecasting banknote demand," International Cash Conference 2017 – War on Cash: Is there a Future for Cash? 162912, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    3. Edward Kim & Terence Turton, 2014. "The Next Generation Banknote Project," RBA Bulletin, Reserve Bank of Australia, pages 1-12, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    currency demand; banknote demand; financial crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money

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