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The Double Dividend hypothesis in a CGE model: Specific factors and the carbon base

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  • Fraser, Iain
  • Waschik, Robert

Abstract

We use a Computable General Equilibrium model to empirically examine the Double Dividend (DD) hypothesis. Using the GTAP model data for Australia, we examine three environmental taxes on the production of energy goods. Following Bento and Jacobsen (2007), we examine the role played by specific factors in the production of energy goods. Our results provide support for the existence of a strong DD in Australia when revenue is recycled through reductions in consumption taxes. The strong DD is larger when the share of specific factors is higher, and is much more pronounced when carbon taxes are charged on the production (origin-based accounting) rather than the usage (destination-based accounting) of carbon. These results draw attention to the importance of the definition of the carbon base and have implications for the scale of carbon leakage.

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  • Fraser, Iain & Waschik, Robert, 2013. "The Double Dividend hypothesis in a CGE model: Specific factors and the carbon base," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 283-295.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:39:y:2013:i:c:p:283-295
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2013.05.009
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    Cited by:

    1. Wesseh, Presley K. & Lin, Boqiang, 2019. "Environmental policy and ‘double dividend’ in a transitional economy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 134(C).
    2. He, Pinglin & Sun, Yulong & Niu, Hanlu & Long, Chengfeng & Li, Shufeng, 2021. "The long and short-term effects of environmental tax on energy efficiency: Perspective of OECD energy tax and vehicle traffic tax," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 307-325.
    3. J.M. Dixon & J. Nassios, 2018. "The Effectiveness of Investment Stimulus Policies in Australia," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers g-282, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
    4. Xinjin Li & Ruyin Long, 2021. "Dynamic Impact of Environmental Regulation on Environmental Performance in China: New Evidence from a Semiparametric Additive Panel Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(18), pages 1-14, September.
    5. Lin, Boqiang & Jia, Zhijie, 2020. "Is emission trading scheme an opportunity for renewable energy in China? A perspective of ETS revenue redistributions," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 263(C).
    6. Yang, Xinyu & Jiang, Ping & Pan, Yao, 2020. "Does China's carbon emission trading policy have an employment double dividend and a Porter effect?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 142(C).
    7. Harry Clarke & Iain Fraser & Robert George Waschik, 2014. "How Much Abatement Will Australia's Emissions Reduction Fund Buy?," Economic Papers, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 33(4), pages 315-326, December.
    8. Maruf Rahman Maxim & Kerstin K. Zander, 2020. "Green Tax Reform in Australia in the Presence of Improved Environment-Induced Productivity Gain: Does It Offer Sustainable Recovery from a Post-COVID-19 Recession?," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(16), pages 1-18, August.
    9. Miriam Frey, 2017. "Assessing the impact of a carbon tax in Ukraine," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(3), pages 378-396, April.
    10. Ozana Nadoveza Tomislav Sekur Marija Beg, 2016. "General Equilibrium Effects of Lower Labor Tax Burden in Croatia," Zagreb International Review of Economics and Business, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb, vol. 19(SCI), pages 1-13, December.
    11. Augusto Mussi Alvim & Eduardo Rodrigues Sanguinet, 2021. "Climate Change Policies and the Carbon Tax Effect on Meat and Dairy Industries in Brazil," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(16), pages 1-20, August.
    12. Zhao, Zhe & Wang, Pei & Chen, Jiancheng & Zhang, Fan, 2021. "Economic spillover effect of grass-based livestock husbandry on agricultural production—A case study in Hulun Buir, China," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 168(C).
    13. Jason Nassios & John Madden & James Giesecke & Janine Dixon & Nhi Tran & Peter Dixon & Maureen Rimmer & Philip Adams & John Freebairn, 2019. "The economic impact and efficiency of state and federal taxes in Australia," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers g-289, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
    14. Weijiang Liu & Tingting Liu & Yangyang Li & Min Liu, 2021. "Recycling Carbon Tax under Different Energy Efficiency Improvements: A CGE Analysis of China," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(9), pages 1-17, April.
    15. Yuanying Chi & Zhengquan Guo & Yuhua Zheng & Xingping Zhang, 2014. "Scenarios Analysis of the Energies’ Consumption and Carbon Emissions in China Based on a Dynamic CGE Model," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 6(2), pages 1-26, January.
    16. Freire-González, Jaume, 2018. "Environmental taxation and the double dividend hypothesis in CGE modelling literature: A critical review," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 194-223.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Environmental taxes; Double Dividend; Specific factors;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models

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