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Regional financial integration in the GCC

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  • Espinoza, Raphael
  • Prasad, Ananthakrishnan
  • Williams, Oral

Abstract

We investigate the extent of regional financial integration in the member countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council. Interest rate data show that convergence exists and that interest rate differentials are relatively short-lived—especially relative to other unified currency area and comparable to those of the Euro Area post 1999. Equity data using cross-listed stocks confirm that stock markets are fairly integrated compared to other emerging market regions, although price equalization is hampered by market illiquidity. The limited volume data available suggests that intra-GCC capital flows are sizeable.

Suggested Citation

  • Espinoza, Raphael & Prasad, Ananthakrishnan & Williams, Oral, 2011. "Regional financial integration in the GCC," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 354-370.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ememar:v:12:y:2011:i:4:p:354-370
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ememar.2011.04.005
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    Cited by:

    1. Marga PEETERS, 2011. "The Changing Pattern in International Trade and Capital Flows of the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries in Comparison with other Oil-Exporting Countries," Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology, ScientificPapers.org, vol. 1(7), pages 1-29, December.
    2. Syed Abul, Basher & Salem, Nechi & Hui, Zhu, 2014. "Dependence patterns across Gulf Arab stock markets: a copula approach," MPRA Paper 56566, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Cevik, Serhan, 2014. "Without Oil, How Do Gulf Countries Move? Non-hydrocarbon Business Cycles," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 29, pages 244-266.
    4. Marga Peeters, 2010. "The changing pattern of international trade and capital flows of the GCC countries," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 415, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    5. Khalifa, Ahmed & Caporin, Massimiliano & Costola, Michele & Hammoudeh, Shawkat, 2017. "Systemic risk for financial institutions of major petroleum-based economies: The role of oil," SAFE Working Paper Series 172, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.
    6. Gan, Pei-Tha, 2014. "The precise form of financial integration: Empirical evidence for selected Asian countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 208-219.
    7. Alotaibi, Abdullah R. & Mishra, Anil V., 2017. "Time varying international financial integration for GCC stock markets," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 66-78.
    8. Florent DEISTING & Sanjay SEHGAL & Piyush PANDEY, 2017. "Time Varying Integration amongst the South Asian Equity Markets: An Empirical Study," Working Papers 2016-2017_7, CATT - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, revised Apr 2017.
    9. Leo Frey & Ulrich Volz, 2013. "Regional Financial Integration In Sub-Saharan Africa – An Empirical Examination Of Its Effects On Financial Market Development," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 81(1), pages 79-117, March.
    10. Ananthakrishnan Prasad & Raphael A Espinoza, 2012. "Monetary Policy Transmission in the GCC Countries," IMF Working Papers 12/132, International Monetary Fund.
    11. Said M. Alkhatib, 2016. "The dynamic response patterns of output to credit: the case of Saudi Arabia," International Journal of Economics and Business Research, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 11(1), pages 11-25.
    12. Kearney, Colm, 2012. "Emerging markets research: Trends, issues and future directions," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 159-183.
    13. Mirzaei, Ali & Al-Khouri, Ritab Salem Farhan, 2016. "The resilience of oil-rich economies to the global financial crisis: Evidence from Kuwaiti financial and real sectors," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 93-108.
    14. Alotaibi, Abdullah R. & Mishra, Anil V., 2015. "Global and regional volatility spillovers to GCC stock markets," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 38-49.
    15. Peeters, Marga & Sabri, Nidal Rachid, 2012. "International financial integration of Mediterranean economies : A bird’s-eye view," MPRA Paper 38081, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Takagi, Shinji, 2012. "Establishing Monetary Union in the Gulf Cooperation Council: What Lessons for Regional Cooperation?," ADBI Working Papers 390, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    17. Masafumi Yabara, 2012. "Capital Market Integration; Progress Ahead of the East African Community Monetary Union," IMF Working Papers 12/18, International Monetary Fund.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Interest rate convergence; Sigma-convergence; Beta-convergence; Arbitrage opportunity; Cross-listing; Regional capital flows;

    JEL classification:

    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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