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Entrepreneurship, windfall gains and financial constraints: Evidence from Germany

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  • Schäfer, Dorothea
  • Talavera, Oleksandr
  • Weir, Charlie

Abstract

We investigate the link between the propensity to become an entrepreneur and the exogenous release from financial constraints in Germany. This is defined in terms of the movement from employment to self-employment on receipt of a financial windfall. A theoretical framework developing Evans and Jovanovic (1989) is set up and tested with panel data from German households. The results show that financial constraints do exist given that individuals are more likely to start a personal business after receiving a windfall gain. The value of windfall gains has a significant but non linear effect on the decision to become self employed. The data reveal that differences in ability and income affect the change in employment status. We also report that there is no evidence that becoming self-employed involves the anticipation of windfall gains.

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  • Schäfer, Dorothea & Talavera, Oleksandr & Weir, Charlie, 2011. "Entrepreneurship, windfall gains and financial constraints: Evidence from Germany," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 2174-2180, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:28:y:2011:i:5:p:2174-2180
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    2. Robert W. Fairlie & Harry A. Krashinsky, 2012. "Liquidity Constraints, Household Wealth, And Entrepreneurship Revisited," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 58(2), pages 279-306, June.
    3. Bella Struminskaya, 2011. "Selbständigkeit von Personen mit Migrationshintergrund in Deutschland: Ursachen ethnischer Unternehmung," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 418, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    4. Daniel L. Bennett, 2021. "Local institutional heterogeneity & firm dynamism: Decomposing the metropolitan economic freedom index," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 57(1), pages 493-511, June.
    5. Hansson, Åsa & Kopsch, Fredrik, 2020. "Property Values and the Likelihood of Self-Employment," Working Paper Series 1376, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    6. Pham, Tho & Talavera, Oleksandr & Zhang, Mao, 2018. "Self-employment, financial development, and well-being: Evidence from China, Russia, and Ukraine," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 754-769.
    7. Peters, Heiko & Schwarz, Peter, 2013. "Bequests and labor supply in Germany," TranState Working Papers 173, University of Bremen, Collaborative Research Center 597: Transformations of the State.
    8. Giménez-Nadal, José Ignacio & Molina, José Alberto & Velilla, Jorge, 2022. "Intergenerational correlation of self-employment in Western Europe," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 108(C).
    9. Robert W. Fairlie, 2013. "Minority and immigrant entrepreneurs: access to financial capital," Chapters, in: Amelie F. Constant & Klaus F. Zimmermann (ed.), International Handbook on the Economics of Migration, chapter 8, pages 153-175, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    10. Polbin, Andrey & Shumilov, Andrei, 2020. "Предпринимательство, Накопление Богатства И Ограничения Заимствования: Обзор Зарубежных Исследований [Entrepreneurship, wealth accumulation and borrowing constraints: Foreign research experience]," MPRA Paper 103675, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Caliendo, Marco & Künn, Steffen & Weissenberger, Martin, 2020. "Catching up or lagging behind? The long-term business and innovation potential of subsidized start-ups out of unemployment," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(10).
    12. Anwar, Sajid & Sun, Sizhong, 2012. "FDI and market entry/exit: Evidence from China," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(5), pages 487-498.
    13. Hansson, Åsa & Kopsch, Fredrik, 2020. "Property Values and the Likelihood of Self-Employment," Working Papers 2020:26, Lund University, Department of Economics.
    14. Björn Berggren & Andreas Fili & Mats Håkan Wilhelmsson, 2017. "The effect of house prices on business start-ups: A review and analysis using Swedish regional data," REGION, European Regional Science Association, vol. 4, pages 1-16.
    15. Escudero, Verónica. & Ha, Byung-jin. & Khatiwada, Sameer. & Tobin, Steven., 2011. "Germany : a job-centred approach," Studies on Growth with Equity, International Labour Office, Research Department, number 994634763402676.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Entrepreneurship Windfall gains Financial constraints;

    JEL classification:

    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups

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