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The rise of female entrepreneurs: New evidence on gender differences in liquidity constraints

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  • Sauer, Robert M.
  • Wilson, Tanya

Abstract

In this paper, we study the importance of liquidity constraints for entrepreneurial activity, using previously unexplored data from the UK. Using inheritances as an instrument, IV estimates reveal that single women drive the overall relationship between personal wealth and the propensity to start a new business. Defining business ownership rather than self-employment as the entrepreneurial outcome measure is also shown to be critical. Using self-employment leads to selection bias and underestimates the impact of personal wealth. The results imply that efforts aimed at relieving the liquidity constraints of single women could help further accelerate the recent rise of female entrepreneurship.

Suggested Citation

  • Sauer, Robert M. & Wilson, Tanya, 2016. "The rise of female entrepreneurs: New evidence on gender differences in liquidity constraints," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 73-86.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:86:y:2016:i:c:p:73-86
    DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2015.10.010
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sara Amoroso & Albert N. Link, 2018. "Under the AEGIS of knowledge-intensive entrepreneurship: employment growth and gender of founders among European firms," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 50(4), pages 899-915, April.
    2. Ajzenman, Nicolas & Aksoy, Cevat Giray & Guriev, Sergei, 2020. "Exposure to Transit Migration, Public Attitudes and Entrepreneurship," IZA Discussion Papers 13130, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. Sara, Amoroso & Albert, Link, 2017. "Under the AEGIS∗ of knowledge intensive entrepreneurship: Employment growth and gender of founders among European Firms," UNCG Economics Working Papers 17-9, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Entrepreneurship; Liquidity constraints;

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups

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