IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/cup/jechis/v68y2008i02p393-437_00.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

India and the Great Divergence: Assessing the Efficiency of Grain Markets in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century India

Author

Listed:
  • STUDER, ROMAN

Abstract

By analyzing a newly compiled data base of grain prices, this article finds that prior to the nineteenth century the grain trade in India was essentially local, while more distant markets remained fragmented. It was only in the second half of the nineteenth century that these premodern structures were transformed, and a national grain market had emerged. In the Great Divergence debate, the California School's claim that early modern “Asia†reached a similar stage of economic development as early modern Europe is therefore rejected for India.

Suggested Citation

  • Studer, Roman, 2008. "India and the Great Divergence: Assessing the Efficiency of Grain Markets in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century India," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 68(2), pages 393-437, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:jechis:v:68:y:2008:i:02:p:393-437_00
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0022050708000351/type/journal_article
    File Function: link to article abstract page
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jane Humphries, 2006. "`Because they are too menny...` children, mothers, and fertility decline: The evidence from working-class autobiographies of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _064, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    2. Cristiano Andrea Ristuccia, 1997. "1935 Sanctions Against Italy: Would Coal and Crude Oil Have Made a Difference," Economics Series Working Papers 1997-W14, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    3. Hans-Joachim Voth & Dan H. Andersen, 1997. "Neutrality and Mediterranean Shipping Under Danish Flag, 1750-1807," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _018, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    4. Paul A. David & Gavin Wright, 1999. "Early Twentieth Century Productivity Growth Dynamics: An Inquiry into the Economic History of "Our Ignorance"," Oxford University Economic and Social History Series _033, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
    5. Nicholas Dimsdale & N.H. Horsewood & A. van Riel, 2004. "Unemployment and Real Wages in Weimar Germany," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _056, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    6. Paul A. David & Gavin Wright, "undated". "General Purpose Technologies and Surges in Productivity: Historical Reflections on the Future of the ICT Revolution," Working Papers 99026, Stanford University, Department of Economics.
    7. Robert C. Allen, 2009. "Agricultural productivity and rural incomes in England and the Yangtze Delta, c.1620–c.18201," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 62(3), pages 525-550, August.
    8. Holland, Dawn & Barrell, Ray & Fic, Tatiana & Hurst, Ian & Liadze, Iana & Orazgani, Ali & Pillonca, Vladimir, 2009. "The World Economy," National Institute Economic Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 208, pages 9-16, April.
    9. O’Rourke, Kevin H. & Williamson, Jeffrey G., 2002. "When did globalisation begin?," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(1), pages 23-50, April.
    10. Roy, Tirthankar, 2011. "Economic History of India, 1857-1947," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, edition 3, number 9780198074175, April.
    11. Federico Varese, 2005. "How Mafias Migrate: The Case of the `Ndrangheta in Northern Italy," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _059, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    12. Nigel Pain & Paul Ashworth & Dawn Holland & Florence Hubert & Dirk Willem te Velde, 2000. "The World Economy," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 172(1), pages 33-61, April.
    13. Nigel Pain & Paul Ashworth & Dawn Holland & Florence Hubert & Dirk Willem te Velde, 2000. "The World Economy," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 172(1), pages 33-61, April.
    14. Jacob Weisdorf & Paul Sharp, 2009. "From preventive to permissive checks: the changing nature of the Malthusian relationship between nuptiality and the price of provisions in the nineteenth century," Cliometrica, Journal of Historical Economics and Econometric History, Association Française de Cliométrie (AFC), vol. 3(1), pages 55-70, January.
    15. Federico Varese & Meir Yaish, 1998. "Altruism:The Importance of Being Asked. The Rescue of Jews in Nazi Europe," Economics Series Working Papers 1998-W24, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    16. Liam Brunt, 1995. "Turning Water into Wine New Methods of Calculating Farm Output and New Insights into Rising Crop Yields during the Agricultural Revolution," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _002, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    17. Valpy Fitzgerald & Pablo Astorga & Ame R. Bergés, 2003. "Productivity Growth in Latin America during the Twentieth Century," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _052, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    18. Julian Morgan & Nigel Pain, 1998. "The World Economy," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 164(1), pages 30-35, April.
    19. Liam Brunt, 2000. "Where theres Muck theres Brass The Market for Manure in the Industrial Revolution," Economics Series Working Papers 2000-W35, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    20. Regina Grafe & M.A. Irigoin, 2006. "Bargaining for Absolutism: A Spanish Path to Nation State and Empire Building," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _065, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    21. Peter Temin, 2001. "A Market Economy in the Early Roman Empire," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _039, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    22. Paul David, 1997. "Path Dependence and the Quest for Historical Economics: One More chorus of Ballad of QWERTY," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _020, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    23. Nigel Pain & Paul Ashworth & Dawn Holland & Florence Hubert & Dirk Willem te Velde, 2000. "The World Economy," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 172(1), pages 33-61, April.
    24. Antonia Taddei, 1999. "London Clubs in the Late Nineteenth Century," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _028, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    25. Tim Leunig, 1998. "New Answers to Old Questions: Transport Costs and the Slow Adoption of Ring Spinning in Lancashire," Oxford University Economic and Social History Series _022, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
    26. Teresa da Silva Lopes, 2004. "Evolution of Corporate Governance in Global Industries: The Case of Multinationals in Alcoholic Beverages," Oxford University Economic and Social History Series _053, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
    27. Alexandre Debs, 2003. "The Source of Walras`s Idealist Bias: A Review of Koppl`s Solution to the Walras Paradox," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _049, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    28. Robert Allen & Robert C. Allen, 2007. "Wages, Prices, and Living Standards in China, Japan, and Europe, 1738-1925," Economics Series Working Papers 316, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    29. Tim Leunig, 1998. "New Answers to Old Questions: Transport Costs and the Slow Adoption of Ring Spinning in Lancashire," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _022, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    30. Oliver Grant, 2002. "Does Industrialisation Push up Inequality? New Evidence on the Kuznets Curve from Nineteenth-Century Prussian Tax Statistics," Economics Series Working Papers 2002-W48, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    31. Stephen Broadberry & Bishnupriya Gupta, 2006. "The early modern great divergence: wages, prices and economic development in Europe and Asia, 1500–1800," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 59(1), pages 2-31, February.
    32. Chaudhuri,K. N., 1985. "Trade and Civilisation in the Indian Ocean," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521285421, June.
    33. Nigel Pain & Paul Ashworth & Dawn Holland & Florence Hubert & Dirk Willem te Velde, 2000. "The World Economy," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 172(1), pages 33-61, April.
    34. Jean-Michel Chevet & Cormac Ó Gráda, 2002. "Famine and market in Ancien Régime France," Open Access publications 10197/368, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
    35. Paul David & Gavin Wright, 1999. "Early Twentieth Century Productivity Growth Dynamics: An Inquiry into the Economic History of Our Ignorance," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _033, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    36. Chaudhuri,K. N., 1985. "Trade and Civilisation in the Indian Ocean," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521242264, June.
    37. Paul David, 2001. "From Keeping Natures Secrets to the Institutionalization of Open Science," Economics Series Working Papers 2001-W23, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    38. Nigel Pain & Paul Ashworth & Dawn Holland & Florence Hubert & Dirk Willem te Velde, 2000. "The World Economy," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 172(1), pages 33-61, April.
    39. Holland, Dawn & Barrell, Ray & Fic, Tatiana & Hurst, Ian & Liadze, Iana & Orazgani, Ali, 2009. "The World Economy," National Institute Economic Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 209, pages 8-12, July.
    40. Martin West, 2000. "State Intervention in English Education, 1833-1891: A Public Goods and Agency Approach," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _037, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    41. J.Humphries & T. Leunig, 2007. "Cities, Market Integration and Going to Sea: Stunting and the standard of living in early nineteenth-century England and Wales," Oxford University Economic and Social History Series _066, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
    42. Regina Grafe & Camilla Brautaset, 2006. "The Quiet Transport Revolution: Returns to Scale, Scope and Network Density in Norway`s Nineteenth-Century Sailing Fleet," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _062, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    43. Paul David, 2001. "From Keeping Natures Secrets to the Institutionalization of Open Science," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _023, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    44. Avner Offer, 2000. "Economic Welfare Measurements and Human Well-Being, [revised version, March 2000]," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _034, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    45. Nicholas Dimsdale & N.H. Horsewood, 2004. "Unemployment and Real Wages in Weimar Germany," Economics Series Working Papers 2004-W56, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    46. Mette Ejrnæs & Karl Gunnar Persson & Søren Rich, 2004. "Feeding the British: Convergence and Market Efficiency in 19th Century Grain Trade," Discussion Papers 04-28, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
    47. Ame R. Bergés & Valpy Fitzgerald, 2004. "The Standard of Living in Latin America During the Twentieth Century," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _054, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    48. Allen, Robert C. & Bengtsson, Tommy & Dribe, Martin (ed.), 2005. "Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199280681, April.
    49. Paul A. David, 1997. "Path Dependence and the Quest for Historical Economics: One More chorus of Ballad of QWERTY," Oxford University Economic and Social History Series _020, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
    50. Martin West, 2000. "State Intervention in English Education, 1833-1891: A Public Goods and Agency Approach," Economics Series Working Papers 2000-W37, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    51. Jacks, David S., 2005. "Intra- and international commodity market integration in the Atlantic economy, 1800-1913," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 381-413, July.
    52. repec:oxf:wpaper:67.2 is not listed on IDEAS
    53. Walter  Eltis, 2001. "Lord Overstone and the Establishment of British Nineteenth-Century Monetary Orthodoxy," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _042, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    54. Tony Atkinson, 2002. "Top Incomes in the United Kingdom Over the Twentieth Century," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _043, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    55. Carol H. Shiue & Wolfgang Keller, 2007. "Markets in China and Europe on the Eve of the Industrial Revolution," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(4), pages 1189-1216, September.
    56. Julian Morgan & Nigel Pain, 1998. "The World Economy," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 164(1), pages 30-35, April.
    57. Wayne Graham, 1996. "The Randlord's Bubble 1894-6: South African Gold Mines and Stock Market Manipulation," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _010, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    58. Elaine Tan, 2002. "Bull is Half the Herd: Property Rights and Enclosures in England, 1750-1850," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _046, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    59. Avner Offer, 1998. "Epidemics of Abundance: Overeating and Slimming in the USA and Britain since the 1950s," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _025, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    60. Michael Biggs, 2001. "Positive Feedback in Collective Mobilization: The American Strike Wave of 1886," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _040, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    61. Pablo Astorga & Ame R. Berges & Valpy Fitzgerald, 2005. "The standard of living in Latin America during the twentieth century," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 58(4), pages 765-796, November.
    62. Nigel Pain & Paul Ashworth & Dawn Holland & Florence Hubert & Dirk Willem te Velde, 2000. "The World Economy," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 172(1), pages 33-61, April.
    63. Holland, Dawn & Barrell, Ray & Fic, Tatiana & Hurst, Ian & Liadze, Iana & Orazgani, Ali & Pillonca, Vladimir, 2009. "The World Economy," National Institute Economic Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 208, pages 9-16, April.
    64. Cristiano Andrea Ristuccia, 1997. "1935 Sanctions Against Italy: Would Coal and Crude Oil Have Made a Difference," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _014, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    65. Tan, Elaine S., 2002. "'The bull is half the herd': property rights and enclosures in England, 1750-1850," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 39(4), pages 470-489, October.
    66. Pablo Astorga & Ame R. Bergés & Valpy Fitzgerald, 2003. "Productivity Growth in Latin America during the Twentieth Century," Oxford University Economic and Social History Series _052, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
    67. David Stead, 1998. "An Arduous and Unprofitable Undertaking: The Enclosure of Stanton Harcourt, Oxfordshire," Economics Series Working Papers 1998-W26, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    68. David M. Engstrom, 1997. "The Economic Determinants of Ethnic Segregation in Post-War Britain," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _012, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    69. Jane Humphries & Tim Leunig, 2007. "Cities, Market Integration and Going to Sea: Stunting and the Standard of Living in Early Nineteenth-Century England and Wales," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _066, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    70. Federico Varese & Meir Yaish, 1998. "Altruism:The Importance of Being Asked. The Rescue of Jews in Nazi Europe," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _024, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    71. Nigel Pain & Paul Ashworth & Dawn Holland & Florence Hubert & Dirk Willem te Velde, 2000. "The World Economy," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 172(1), pages 33-61, April.
    72. Paul A. David & Gavin Wright, "undated". "General Purpose Technologies and Surges in Productivity: Historical Reflections on the Future of the ICT Revolution," Working Papers 99026, Stanford University, Department of Economics.
    73. Paul A. David, 2001. "From Keeping 'Nature's Secrets' to the Institutionalization of 'Open Science'," Working Papers 01006, Stanford University, Department of Economics.
    74. Walter Eltis, 2001. "Lord Overstone and the Establishment of British Nineteenth-Century Monetary Orthodoxy," Economics Series Working Papers 2001-W42, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    75. Oliver Grant, 1998. "The Diffusion of the Herringbone Parlour: A Case Study in the History of Agricultural Technology," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _027, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    76. Liam Brunt, 1999. "An Arbitrage Model in Crop Rotation in 18th Century England," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _032, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    77. James Foreman-Peck,, 1996. "'Technological Lock-in' and the Power Source for the Motor Car," Oxford University Economic and Social History Series _007, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
    78. de Vries,Jan & van der Woude,Ad, 1997. "The First Modern Economy," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521570619, June.
    79. Avner Offer, 2000. "Economic Welfare Measurements and Human Well-Being, [revised version, March 2000]," Economics Series Working Papers 2000-W34, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    80. Alasdair  Crockett, 2000. "Variations in Churchgoing Rates in England in 1851: Supply-side Deficiency or Demand-led Decline?," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _036, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    81. Oliver Grant, 1998. "The Diffusion of the Herringbone Parlour: A Case Study in the History of Agricultural Technology," Economics Series Working Papers 1998-W27, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    82. Dobado, Rafael & Marrero, Gustavo A., 2005. "Corn Market Integration in Porfirian Mexico," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 65(1), pages 103-128, March.
    83. David Stead, 1998. "An Arduous and Unprofitable Undertaking: The Enclosure of Stanton Harcourt, Oxfordshire," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _026, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    84. de Vries,Jan & van der Woude,Ad, 1997. "The First Modern Economy," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521578257, June.
    85. Liam Brunt, 2000. "Where theres Muck theres Brass The Market for Manure in the Industrial Revolution," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _035, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    86. Antonia Taddei, 1999. "London Clubs in the Late Nineteenth Century," Economics Series Working Papers 1999-W28, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    87. Teresa da Silva Lopes, 2004. "Evolution of Corporate Governance in Global Industries: The Case of Multinationals in Alcoholic Beverages," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _053, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    88. Charles H. Feinstein & Mark Thomas, 2001. "A Plea for Errors," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _041, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    89. Holland, Dawn & Barrell, Ray & Fic, Tatiana & Hurst, Ian & Liadze, Iana & Orazgani, Ali & Pillonca, Vladimir, 2009. "The World Economy," National Institute Economic Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 208, pages 9-16, April.
    90. Charles H. Feinstein & Mark Thomas, 2001. "A Plea for Errors," Economics Series Working Papers 2001-W41, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    91. Oliver Grant, 2002. "Does Industrialisation Push up Inequality? New Evidence on the Kuznets Curve from Nineteenth-Century Prussian Tax Statistics," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _048, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    92. M.A. Irigoin & R. Grafe, 2006. "Bargaining for Absolutism: A Spanish Path to Nation State and Empire Building," Oxford University Economic and Social History Series _065, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
    93. Ame Bergés & Valpy Fitzgerald, 2004. "The Standard of Living in Latin America During the Twentieth Century," Economics Series Working Papers 2004-W54, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    94. David M. Engstrom, 1997. "The Economic Determinants of Ethnic Segregation in Post-War Britain," Economics Series Working Papers 1997-W12, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    95. Liam Brunt, 1997. "Nature or Nurture? Explaining English Wheat Yields in the Agricultural Revolution," Economics Series Working Papers 1997-W19, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    96. Liam Brunt, 1999. "An Arbitrage Model in Crop Rotation in 18th Century England," Economics Series Working Papers 1999-W32, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    97. Liam Brunt, 1997. "Nature or Nurture? Explaining English Wheat Yields in the Agricultural Revolution," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _019, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    98. Liam Brunt, 1999. "Estimating English Wheat Production in the Industrial Revolution," Economics Series Working Papers 1999-W29, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    99. Metzer, Jacob, 1974. "Railroad Development and Market Integration: The Case of Tsarist Russia," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 34(3), pages 529-550, September.
    100. Liam Brunt, 1995. "Turning Water into Wine New Methods of Calculating Farm Output and New Insights into Rising Crop Yields during the Agricultural Revolution," Economics Series Working Papers 1995-W02, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    101. Peter Temin, 2001. "A Market Economy in the Early Roman Empire," Economics Series Working Papers 2001-W39, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    102. Federico Varese, 2005. "How Mafias Migrate: The Case of the `Ndrangheta in Northern Italy," Economics Series Working Papers 2005-W59, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    103. Nigel Pain & Paul Ashworth & Dawn Holland & Florence Hubert & Dirk Willem te Velde, 2000. "The World Economy," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 172(1), pages 33-61, April.
    104. Liam Brunt, 1999. "Estimating English Wheat Production in the Industrial Revolution," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _029, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    105. Deepak Lal & Dietmar Rothermund & Erich Weede, 2004. "India," Chapters, in: Peter Bernholz & Roland Vaubel (ed.), Political Competition, Innovation and Growth in the History of Asian Civilizations, chapter 6, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    106. Michael Biggs, 2001. "Positive Feedback in Collective Mobilization: The American Strike Wave of 1886," Economics Series Working Papers 2001-W40, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    107. Holland, Dawn & Barrell, Ray & Fic, Tatiana & Hurst, Ian & Liadze, Iana & Orazgani, Ali & Pillonca, Vladimir, 2009. "The World Economy," National Institute Economic Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 208, pages 9-16, April.
    108. Tony Atkinson, 2002. "Top Incomes in the United Kingdom Over the Twentieth Century," Economics Series Working Papers 2002-W43, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    109. Alexandre Debs, 2003. "The Source of Walras`s Idealist Bias: A Review of Koppl`s Solution to the Walras Paradox," Economics Series Working Papers 2003-W49, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    110. Cormac Ó Gráda, 2005. "Markets and famines in pre-industrial Europe," Open Access publications 10197/447, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
    111. Nigel Pain & Paul Ashworth & Dawn Holland & Florence Hubert & Dirk Willem te Velde, 2000. "The World Economy," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 172(1), pages 33-61, April.
    112. Camilla Brautaset & Regina Grafe, 2006. "The Quiet Transport Revolution: Returns to scale, scope and network density in Norway's nineteenth-century sailing fleet," Oxford University Economic and Social History Series _062, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
    113. Ó Gráda, Cormac & Chevet, Jean-Michel, 2002. "Famine And Market In Ancien Rã‰Gime France," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 62(3), pages 706-733, September.
    114. Nigel Pain & Paul Ashworth & Dawn Holland & Florence Hubert & Dirk Willem te Velde, 2000. "The World Economy," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 172(1), pages 33-61, April.
    115. David Clingingsmith & Jeffrey G. Williamson, 2005. "Mughal Decline, Climate Change, and Britain’s Industrial Ascent:An Integrated Perspective on India’s 18th and 19th Century Deindustrialization," Working Papers id:241, eSocialSciences.
    116. Alasdair Crockett, 2000. "Variations in Churchgoing Rates in England in 1851: Supply-side Deficiency or Demand-led Decline?," Economics Series Working Papers 2000-W36, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Jacob Weisdorf & Paul Sharp, 2009. "From preventive to permissive checks: the changing nature of the Malthusian relationship between nuptiality and the price of provisions in the nineteenth century," Cliometrica, Journal of Historical Economics and Econometric History, Association Française de Cliométrie (AFC), vol. 3(1), pages 55-70, January.
    2. Daudin, Guillaume, 2010. "Domestic Trade and Market Size in Late-Eighteenth-Century France," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 70(3), pages 716-743, September.
    3. Jane Humphries & Tim Leunig, 2007. "Cities, Market Integration and Going to Sea: Stunting and the Standard of Living in Early Nineteenth-Century England and Wales," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _066, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    4. repec:oxf:wpaper:69.2 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Chalkley, Martin & Malcomson, James M., 2002. "Cost sharing in health service provision: an empirical assessment of cost savings," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(2), pages 219-249, May.
    6. J.Humphries & T. Leunig, 2007. "Cities, Market Integration and Going to Sea: Stunting and the standard of living in early nineteenth-century England and Wales," Oxford University Economic and Social History Series _066, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
    7. Regina Grafe, 2004. "Popish habits vs. nutritional need: Fasting and fish consumption in Iberia in the early modern period," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _055, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    8. Richard H. Steckel, 2005. "Fluctuations in a Dreadful Childhood: Synthetic Longitudinal Height Data, Relative Prices, and Weather in the Short-Term Health of American Slaves," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _058, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    9. Asadullah, Mohammad Niaz, 2010. "Educational Disparity in East and West Pakistan, 1947-71: Was East Pakistan Discriminated Against?," Bangladesh Development Studies, Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS), vol. 33(3), pages 1-46, September.
    10. Regina Grafe & Camilla Brautaset, 2006. "The Quiet Transport Revolution: Returns to Scale, Scope and Network Density in Norway`s Nineteenth-Century Sailing Fleet," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _062, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    11. Natalia Mora-Sitja, 2006. "Exploring Changes in Earnings Inequality during Industrialization: Barcelona, 1856-1905," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _061, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    12. Asadullah, Mohammad Niaz, 2010. "Educational Disparity in East and West Pakistan, 1947-71: Was East Pakistan Discriminated Against?," Bangladesh Development Studies, Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS), vol. 33(3), pages 1-46, September.
    13. Regina Grafe, 2004. "Popish Habits vs. Nutritional Need: Fasting and Fish Consumption in Iberia in the Early Modern Period," Oxford University Economic and Social History Series _055, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
    14. Camilla Brautaset & Regina Grafe, 2006. "The Quiet Transport Revolution: Returns to scale, scope and network density in Norway's nineteenth-century sailing fleet," Oxford University Economic and Social History Series _062, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
    15. Natalia Mora-Sitja, 2006. "Exploring Changes in Earnings Inequality during Industrialization: Barcelona, 1856-1905," Economics Series Working Papers 2006-W61, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    16. Liam Brunt, 2000. "Where theres Muck theres Brass The Market for Manure in the Industrial Revolution," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _035, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    17. Robert Dryburgh, 2003. "Individual, Illegal, and Unjust Purposes`: Overseers, Incentives, and the Old Poor Law in Bolton, 1820-1837," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _050, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    18. Alexandre Debs, 2003. "The Source of Walras`s Idealist Bias: A Review of Koppl`s Solution to the Walras Paradox," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _049, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    19. Alasdair  Crockett, 2000. "Variations in Churchgoing Rates in England in 1851: Supply-side Deficiency or Demand-led Decline?," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _036, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    20. Paul A. David & Gavin Wright, "undated". "General Purpose Technologies and Surges in Productivity: Historical Reflections on the Future of the ICT Revolution," Working Papers 99026, Stanford University, Department of Economics.
    21. Walter  Eltis, 2001. "Lord Overstone and the Establishment of British Nineteenth-Century Monetary Orthodoxy," Oxford Economic and Social History Working Papers _042, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cup:jechis:v:68:y:2008:i:02:p:393-437_00. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: https://www.cambridge.org/jeh .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Keith Waters (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://www.cambridge.org/jeh .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.