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Educational Disparity in East and West Pakistan, 1947–71: Was East Pakistan Discriminated Against?

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  • Mohammad Niaz Asadullah

    (SKOPE, Department of Economics, University of Oxford)

Abstract

This paper documents the regional divide in educational facilities between East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and West Pakistan between 1947 and 1971. During this period, the total number of primary schools in East Pakistan declined, leading to overcrowding of existing schools and classrooms. On the other hand, despite being endowed with fewer schools, West Pakistan surpassed East Pakistan in the total number of primary schools, and in teacher–student ratios. This evident educational disparity, we argue, cannot be attributed to regional differences in school age population, school types, the quality and unit cost of schooling. Rather, this problem is examined in terms of the hypothesis of ‘discrimination’ as an alternate explanation.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohammad Niaz Asadullah, 2006. "Educational Disparity in East and West Pakistan, 1947–71: Was East Pakistan Discriminated Against?," Oxford University Economic and Social History Series _063, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
  • Handle: RePEc:nuf:esohwp:_063
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Islam, Nurul, 1972. "Foreign Assistance and Economic Development: The Case of Pakistan," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 82(325), pages 502-530, Supplemen.
    2. Jamila Akhtar, 1963. "Literacy and Education: Fifth Release From the 1961 Census of Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 3(3), pages 424-442.
    3. Amjad, Rashid, 1984. "The management of Pakistan's economy 1947-82," MPRA Paper 35850, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Khwaja Sarmad & Fazal Husain & G. M. Zahid, 1989. "The Education Sector in Pakistan," PIDE-Working Papers 1989:156, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    5. KHURsHID HAROON & YASMIN AZRA JAN, 1964. "Main Economic Characteristics of the People of Pakistan: Sixth Release From the 1961 Census," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 4(2), pages 314-331.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • N35 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Asia including Middle East
    • N95 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Asia including Middle East

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