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Educational Disparity in East and West Pakistan, 1947-71: Was East Pakistan Discriminated Against?

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  • Asadullah, Mohammad Niaz

    (Department of Economics, University of Reading, UK; ESRC Centre on SKOPE, Department of Education, Oxford University; Institute fo r the Study of Labour (IZA), Bonn, Germany.)

Abstract

This paper documents the regional divide in educational facilities between East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and West Pakistan between 1947 and 1971. During this period, the total number of primary schools in Ea st Pakistan declined, leading to overcrowding of existing schools and classrooms. On the other hand, despite being endowed with fewer schools, W est Pakistan surpassed East Pakistan in the total number of primary schools, and in teacher-student ratios. This evident educational disparity, we argue, cannot be attributed to regional differences in school age population, school types, the quality and unit cost of schooling. Rather, this problem is examined in terms of the hypothesis of “discrimination” as an alternate explanation.

Suggested Citation

  • Asadullah, Mohammad Niaz, 2010. "Educational Disparity in East and West Pakistan, 1947-71: Was East Pakistan Discriminated Against?," Bangladesh Development Studies, Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS), vol. 33(3), pages 1-46, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:badest:0498
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Educational Disparity; West Pakistan; East Pakistan; Discrimination;

    JEL classification:

    • A10 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - General

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