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Una evaluación del efecto scarring en Argentina

Author

Listed:
  • Luis Beccaria

    ()

  • Roxana Maurizio

    ()

  • Martin Trombetta

    ()

  • Gustavo Vázquez

    ()

Abstract

En este estudio se evalúa el efecto de corto plazo del tránsito por el desempleo sobre los salarios y la inserción laboral posterior. El llamado efecto scarring no ha sido estudiado previamente en América Latina y en específico en Argentina. Utilizando el esquema rotativo de la muestra de la Encuesta de Hogares se estima la magnitud de la penalidad salarial, y del incremento en la probabilidad de transitar hacia la informalidad, luego del paso por el desempleo. Se utilizan dos estrategias de estimación: por un lado, el modelo lineal para datos de panel con efectos fijos y aleatorios; por otro, el estimador de diferencias en diferencias con propensity score matching. Se muestra que el paso por el desempleo eleva en el corto plazo la probabilidad de alcanzar un puesto informal, pero que no es significativa su influencia sobre las remuneraciones, una vez que se controla por el tipo de ocupaciones.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Beccaria & Roxana Maurizio & Martin Trombetta & Gustavo Vázquez, 2016. "Una evaluación del efecto scarring en Argentina," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE, vol. 77, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000090:015036
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    File URL: https://economia.uniandes.edu.co/revistadys/Articulo77_7.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    desempleo; salario; Argentina (Thesaurus); informalidad; scarring (palabras clave de autor);

    JEL classification:

    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J46 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Informal Labor Market

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