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Inestabilidad laboral en el Gran Buenos Aires

Listed author(s):
  • Beccaria, Luis

    (Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento)

  • Maurizio, Roxana

    (Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento)

This document analyzes the intensity and characteristics of urban labor mobility in Argentina during the nineties by studying transitions Fromm occupations in the Greater Buenos Aires labor market. Initially, the paper describes differences in the degree of mobility among different groups of workers. Then, it explores to what extent rising unemployment, shifts in the occupational structure and the new labor regulations have brought about alterations in labor mobility intensity during that period. Therefore, changes in exit rates from jobs between the first and the second half of the decade are also studied. Precisely, major modifications in labor institutions were introduced in and after 1995, while open unemployment peaked after 1994. Job precariousness rose throughout the decade.// Este artículo examina la intensidad y las características de la inestabilidad laboral en el marcado de trabajo urbano de Argentina a partir del estudio de las transiciones desde la ocupación que se registraron en el Gran Buenos Aires durante los años noventa del siglo XX. El trabajo describe, inicialmente, las diferencias en el grado de movilidad existente entre distintos grupos de ocupados. Luego analiza en qué medida se modificó la intensidad de la rotación laboral a lo largo de esos años como consecuencia del gran aumento del desempleo –a partir de 1994-, de los cambios ocurridos en la estructura ocupacional- sobre todo, del aumento de la precariedad- y de las modificaciones introducidas a las regulaciones del mercado de trabajo a partir de 1995. Para ello se estudian los cambios en las probabilidades de salida desde la ocupación ocurridos entre la primera y segunda mitad del decenio de los noventa.

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Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

Volume (Year): LXXI (3) (2004)
Issue (Month): 283 (julio-septiembre)
Pages: 535-573

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Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:71:y:2004:i:283:p:535-573
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