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The spatial evolution of regional GDP disparities in the 'old' and the 'new' Europe


  • Maarten Bosker


This paper studies the evolution of regional income disparities in Europe. Besides using a more complete data set that offers a more detailed look at the evolution of regional incomes in Western Europe than previous studies, it is the first to shed empirical light on regional income differences and their evolution in Eastern Europe during the transition phase from communism towards EU membership by means of a (spatial) Markov chain analysis. Regional income disparities in Western Europe are found to be decreasing over time and less persistent than reported in earlier studies. In the case of Eastern Europe some regions are likely to fall behind in terms of GDP per capita whereas a substantial number of other regions will be able to (slowly) catch up with their Western neighbours. Moreover in Western Europe localized regional conditions appear to be a main determinant of the observed income differences, whereas in Eastern Europe country-specific factors are of bigger importance. Copyright (c) 2008 the author(s). Journal compilation (c) 2008 RSAI.

Suggested Citation

  • Maarten Bosker, 2009. "The spatial evolution of regional GDP disparities in the 'old' and the 'new' Europe," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 88(1), pages 3-27, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:presci:v:88:y:2009:i:1:p:3-27

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. ANDRADE, Carlos & PINHO, Carlos & PINHO, Maria de Fátima, 2010. "Exploring Regional Convergence: Evidence From 19 European Countries, 1991-2008," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 10(2).
    2. Maza, Adolfo & Hierro, María & Villaverde, José, 2012. "Income distribution dynamics across European regions: Re-examining the role of space," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 2632-2640.
    3. Thomas Vanoutrive, 2011. "Making maps in word and powerpoint Why do regional scientists not draw conclusions?," ERSA conference papers ersa10p882, European Regional Science Association.
    4. Janno Reiljan, 2011. "Contradictions In Regional Development Assessment: In What Mean We Could Speak About Economic Convergence In European Union?," ERSA conference papers ersa10p772, European Regional Science Association.
    5. Adolfo Maza & José Villaverde & María Hierro, 2015. "Non- $$\hbox {CO}_2$$ CO 2 Generating Energy Shares in the World: Cross-Country Differences and Polarization," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 61(3), pages 319-343, July.

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