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The spatial evolution of regional GDP disparities in the 'old' and the 'new' Europe

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  • Maarten Bosker

Abstract

This paper studies the evolution of regional income disparities in Europe. Besides using a more complete data set that offers a more detailed look at the evolution of regional incomes in Western Europe than previous studies, it is the first to shed empirical light on regional income differences and their evolution in Eastern Europe during the transition phase from communism towards EU membership by means of a (spatial) Markov chain analysis. Regional income disparities in Western Europe are found to be decreasing over time and less persistent than reported in earlier studies. In the case of Eastern Europe some regions are likely to fall behind in terms of GDP per capita whereas a substantial number of other regions will be able to (slowly) catch up with their Western neighbours. Moreover in Western Europe localized regional conditions appear to be a main determinant of the observed income differences, whereas in Eastern Europe country-specific factors are of bigger importance. Copyright (c) 2008 the author(s). Journal compilation (c) 2008 RSAI.

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  • Maarten Bosker, 2009. "The spatial evolution of regional GDP disparities in the 'old' and the 'new' Europe," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 88(1), pages 3-27, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:presci:v:88:y:2009:i:1:p:3-27
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    1. Sergiy Smetana & Christine Tamásy & Alexander Mathys & Volker Heinz, 2015. "Sustainability and regions: sustainability assessment in regional perspective," Regional Science Policy & Practice, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 7(4), pages 163-186, November.
    2. Thomas Vanoutrive, 2011. "Making maps in word and powerpoint Why do regional scientists not draw conclusions?," ERSA conference papers ersa10p882, European Regional Science Association.
    3. María Hierro & Adolfo Maza, 2015. "From Discrete To Continuous-Time Transition Matrices In Intra-Distribution Dynamics Analysis: An Application To Per Capita Wealth In Europe," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 67(3), pages 227-235, July.
    4. ANDRADE, Carlos & PINHO, Carlos & PINHO, Maria de Fátima, 2010. "Exploring Regional Convergence: Evidence From 19 European Countries, 1991-2008," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 10(2).
    5. Janno Reiljan, 2011. "Contradictions In Regional Development Assessment: In What Mean We Could Speak About Economic Convergence In European Union?," ERSA conference papers ersa10p772, European Regional Science Association.
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    7. Maza, Adolfo & Hierro, María & Villaverde, José, 2012. "Income distribution dynamics across European regions: Re-examining the role of space," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 2632-2640.

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