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Using Taylor Rules to Understand European Central Bank Monetary Policy

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  • Stephan Sauer
  • Jan‐Egbert Sturm

Abstract

. Over the last decade, the simple instrument policy rule developed by Taylor has become a popular tool for evaluating the monetary policy of central banks. As an extensive empirical analysis of the European Central Bank's (ECB) past behaviour still seems to be in its infancy, we estimate several instrument policy reaction functions for the ECB to shed some light on actual monetary policy in the euro area under the presidency of Wim Duisenberg and answer questions like whether the ECB has actually followed a stabilizing or a destabilizing rule so far. Looking at contemporaneous Taylor rules, the evidence presented suggests that the ECB is accommodating changes in inflation and hence follows a destabilizing policy. However, this impression seems to be largely due to the lack of a forward‐looking perspective in such specifications. Either assuming rational expectations and using a forward‐looking specification, or using expectations as derived from surveys result in Taylor rules that do imply a stabilizing role of the ECB. The use of real‐time industrial production data does not seem to play such a significant role as in the case of the United States.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephan Sauer & Jan‐Egbert Sturm, 2007. "Using Taylor Rules to Understand European Central Bank Monetary Policy," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 8(3), pages 375-398, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:germec:v:8:y:2007:i:3:p:375-398
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-0475.2007.00413.x
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    2. Denis Shibitov & Mariam Mamedli, 2021. "Forecasting Russian Cpi With Data Vintages And Machine Learning Techniques," Bank of Russia Working Paper Series wps70, Bank of Russia.
    3. Martin Mandler, 2011. "Threshold effects in the monetary policy reaction function of the Deutsche Bundesbank," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201129, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    4. Jonas Gross & Johannes Zahner, 2020. "What's on the ECB's mind? - Monetary policy before and after the global financial crisis," MAGKS Papers on Economics 202008, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    5. Cécile Bastidon, 2013. "Un modèle théorique d'intermédiation : transmission et gestion des chocs," Post-Print hal-00806524, HAL.
    6. Filippo Gori, 2016. "Disentangling the Monetary Policy Stance," Bank of Lithuania Working Paper Series 27, Bank of Lithuania.
    7. Sheng Zhu & Ella Kavanagh & Niall O'Sullivan, 2021. "Constructing a financial conditions index for the United Kingdom: A comparative analysis," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(2), pages 2976-2989, April.
    8. Darius Kulikauskas, 2014. "Nonlinear Taylor rule for the European Central Bank," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 34(3), pages 1798-1804.
    9. Mogaji, Peter Kehinde, 2015. "Policy Rule-based Stress Tests of Monetary Integration and Single Monetary Policy in the West African Monetary Zone," MPRA Paper 86720, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Aymeric Ortmans, 2020. "Evolving Monetary Policy in the Aftermath of the Great Recession," Documents de recherche 20-01, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
    11. Gross, Jonas & Zahner, Johannes, 2021. "What is on the ECB’s mind? Monetary policy before and after the global financial crisis," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).

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