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The Gender Wage Gap in Paid- and Self-Employment in Australia

  • Kristy Eastough
  • Paul W. Miller

This paper presents an analysis of the gender wage gap in the highly regulated Australian labour market. It compares wage outcomes in the wage and salary sector with those for the self-employed. Comparisons with the United States are provided. The large gender pay gap in self-employment suggests that the aggregate gender wage differential will not be eliminated solely through wage determination for wage and salary earners. The greater gender wage gap in the self-employed sector may reflect liquidity constraints that are more difficult for self-employed women to overcome relative to self-employed men. The comparisons with the United States suggest that women will experience deterioration in relative earnings as the Australian labour market is deregulated. Copyright Blackwell Publishing Ltd/University of Adelaide and Flinders University of South Australia 2004.

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Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Australian Economic Papers.

Volume (Year): 43 (2004)
Issue (Month): 3 (09)
Pages: 257-276

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Handle: RePEc:bla:ausecp:v:43:y:2004:i:3:p:257-276
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  1. Vella, F., 1991. "Gender Roles, Occupational Choice and Gender Wage Differentials," Papers 235, Australian National University - Department of Economics.
  2. Preston, Alison, 1997. "Where Are We Now with Human Capital Theory in Australia?," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 73(220), pages 51-78, March.
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  8. Alan S. Blinder, 1973. "Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 8(4), pages 436-455.
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  14. Kidd, Michael P & Viney, Rosalie, 1991. "Sex Discrimination and Non-random Sampling in the Australian Labour Market," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(56), pages 28-49, June.
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  17. Jeff Borland, 1999. "The Equal Pay Case-Thirty Years On," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 32(3), pages 265-272.
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