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Relationships between Organizational Culture and Performance in Estonian Schools with Regard to Their Size and Location


  • Anne Aidla

    () (Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu)

  • Maaja Vadi

    (Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu)


Organizational culture (henceforth referred to as OC) expresses to what extent the members of organization are willing to support each other and also the goals and development of their organization. Previous research has shown that OC has a considerable influence on employees' behavior and work results. The aim of the article is to explore the relationships between the OC estimations and actual school performance vis-à-vis the size and location of Estonian secondary schools. The empirical study (n=558) was conducted in years 2003-2006 among the personnel of 60 Estonian secondary schools. The sample included representatives of school administration, teachers and support personnel. The OC estimations were measured by the OC questionnaire (Vadi et. al., 2002), which reveals task and relationship orientations of OC. For measuring performance, the national examination results were used. The results show that managing and improving of the OC could contribute to the performance of schools.

Suggested Citation

  • Anne Aidla & Maaja Vadi, 2007. "Relationships between Organizational Culture and Performance in Estonian Schools with Regard to Their Size and Location," Baltic Journal of Economics, Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies, vol. 7(1), pages 3-17, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:bic:journl:v:7:y:2007:i:1:p:3-17

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Driscoll, Donna & Halcoussis, Dennis & Svorny, Shirley, 2003. "School district size and student performance," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 193-201, April.
    2. Randall W. Eberts & Ellen K. Schwartz & Joe A. Stone, 1990. "School reform, school size, and student achievement," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, issue Q II, pages 2-15.
    3. repec:lan:wpaper:1016 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:lan:wpaper:1092 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Bradley, Steve & Taylor, Jim, 1998. "The Effect of School Size on Exam Performance in Secondary Schools," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 60(3), pages 291-324, August.
    6. Graddy, Kathryn & Stevens, Margaret, 2003. "The Impact of School Inputs on Student Performance: An Empirical Study of Private Schools in the UK," CEPR Discussion Papers 3776, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    7. Richard Barnett & J. Colin Glass & Roger Snowdon & Karl Stringer, 2002. "Size, Performance and Effectiveness: Cost-Constrained Measures of Best-Practice Performance and Secondary-School Size," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(3), pages 291-311.
    8. Maaja Vadi & Juri Allik & Anu Realo, 2002. "Collectivism And Its Consequences For Organizational Culture," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper Series 12, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia).
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