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Labor Risk Attributes in the Green Industry: Business Owners' and Managers' Perspectives

Author

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  • Bitsch, Vera
  • Harsh, Stephen B.

Abstract

Managers of greenhouses, nurseries, and landscape contractors participated in five focus group discussions on labor-related risks. Managers conceptualize labor risks along the human resource management process: (1) recruitment and selection, (2) training and development, (3) performance evaluation and discipline, (4) careers and relationships, and (5) compensation packages. In addition, they identified (6) immigrant employees and (7) labor laws and regulations as sources of risk. They recognized a large number of risk-increasing attributes, but also a number of mediating strategies to reduce these risks.

Suggested Citation

  • Bitsch, Vera & Harsh, Stephen B., 2004. "Labor Risk Attributes in the Green Industry: Business Owners' and Managers' Perspectives," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 36(03), December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:joaaec:43472
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Harwood, Joy L. & Heifner, Richard G. & Coble, Keith H. & Perry, Janet E. & Somwaru, Agapi, 1999. "Managing Risk in Farming: Concepts, Research, and Analysis," Agricultural Economics Reports 34081, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    2. James Kliebenstein & Peter F. Orazem, 1999. "The Structure of Wages and Benefits in the U.S. Pork Industry," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 81(1), pages 144-163.
    3. Just, Richard E., 2003. "Risk research in agricultural economics: opportunities and challenges for the next twenty-five years," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 75(2-3), pages 123-159.
    4. Richard E. Just, 2001. "Addressing the Changing Nature of Uncertainty in Agriculture," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 83(5), pages 1131-1153.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Bitsch, Vera, 2006. "Job Attitudes of Agricultural Middle Managers," 2006 Annual meeting, July 23-26, Long Beach, CA 21415, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    2. Bitsch, Vera & Hogberg, Michael, 2005. "Exploring Horticultural Employees' Attitudes Toward Their Jobs: A Qualitative Analysis Based on Herzberg's Theory of Job Satisfaction," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 37(03), December.
    3. Mugera, Amin W. & Bitsch, Vera, 2005. "Managing Labor on Dairy Farms: A Resource-Based Perspective with Evidence from Case Studies," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IFAMA), vol. 8(03).
    4. Bitsch, Vera & Olynk, Nicole J., 2008. "Risk-Increasing and Risk-Reducing Practices in Human Resource Management: Focus Group Discussions with Livestock Managers," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 40(01), April.
    5. repec:oup:revage:v:29:y:2007:i:4:p:749-764. is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Bitsch, Vera & Yakura, Elaine K., 2007. "Middle Management in Agriculture: Roles, Functions, and Practices," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IFAMA), vol. 10(02).
    7. Vera Bitsch & Nicole J. Olynk, 2007. "Skills Required of Managers in Livestock Production: Evidence from Focus Group Research," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 29(4), pages 749-764.
    8. Bitsch, Vera & Kassa, Getachew Abate & Harsh, Stephen B. & Mugera, Amin W., 2006. "Human Resource Management Risks: Sources and Control Strategies Based on Dairy Farmer Focus Groups," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 38(01), April.
    9. Bitsch, Vera & Ferris, Ted & Lee, Katherine L. & McFadden, Mike & Ross, Dean, 2008. "Extension Educators Collecting Industry-specific Stakeholder Input," 2008 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2008, Orlando, Florida 43249, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    focus group discussion; human resource management; personnel management; risk management; risk perception; B41; B49; M12; Q12;

    JEL classification:

    • B41 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - Economic Methodology
    • B49 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - Other
    • M12 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Personnel Management; Executives; Executive Compensation
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets

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