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How Sensitive is Indian Agriculture to Climate Change?

Author

Listed:
  • Birthal, P.S.
  • Negi, Digvijay S.
  • Kumar, Shiv
  • Aggarwal, Shaily
  • Suresh, A.
  • Khan, Md. Tajuddin

Abstract

Using district-level panel data, this paper has assessed sensitivity of Indian agriculture to climate change. Results show that a rise in temperature would reduce agricultural productivity, while rainfall unless it is in excess, will tend to counterbalance harmful effects of temperature. Irrigation is an important adaptation strategy to reduce harmful effects of warmer climate. Predictions suggest that by end of this century, a significant change in climate may reduce productivity of Indian agriculture by 25 per cent. Agriculture in arid and semi-arid regions is more sensitive to climate change, and would be more impacted by climate change. The loss will be higher in the absence of adaptation.

Suggested Citation

  • Birthal, P.S. & Negi, Digvijay S. & Kumar, Shiv & Aggarwal, Shaily & Suresh, A. & Khan, Md. Tajuddin, 2014. "How Sensitive is Indian Agriculture to Climate Change?," Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Indian Society of Agricultural Economics, vol. 69(4), pages 1-14.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:inijae:229948
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    File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/229948/files/07-Birthal-01-n%20-%20pgs%20474-487.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    3. Mendelsohn, Robert & Nordhaus, William D & Shaw, Daigee, 1994. "The Impact of Global Warming on Agriculture: A Ricardian Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(4), pages 753-771, September.
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    6. Olivier Deschênes & Michael Greenstone, 2007. "The Economic Impacts of Climate Change: Evidence from Agricultural Output and Random Fluctuations in Weather," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(1), pages 354-385, March.
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    11. De Salvo, Maria & Raffaelli, Roberta & Moser, Riccarda, 2013. "The impact of climate change on permanent crops in an Alpine region: A Ricardian analysis," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 23-32.
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    15. Sharma, Bharat R. & Rao, K.V. & Vittal, K.P.R. & Ramakrishna, Y.S. & Amarasinghe, U., 2010. "Estimating the potential of rainfed agriculture in India: Prospects for water productivity improvements," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 97(1), pages 23-30, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Tol, Richard S.J., 2017. "The structure of the climate debate," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 431-438.
    2. repec:gam:jeners:v:10:y:2017:i:9:p:1343-:d:110935 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Birthal, Pratap S. & Negi, Digvijay S. & Khan, Md. Tajuddin & Agarwal, Shaily, 2015. "Is Indian agriculture becoming resilient to droughts? Evidence from rice production systems," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 1-12.
    4. Farnaz Pourzand & Ilan Noy & Yigit Saglam, 2019. "Droughts and farms' financial performance in New Zealand: a micro farm-level study," CESifo Working Paper Series 7633, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. Pourzand, Farnaz & Noy, Ilan & Sağlam, Yiğit, 2019. "Droughts and farms’ financial performance in New Zealand: A micro farm level study," Working Paper Series 8159, Victoria University of Wellington, School of Economics and Finance.

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