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How Sensitive is Indian Agriculture to Climate Change?

Author

Listed:
  • Birthal, P.S.
  • Negi, Digvijay S.
  • Kumar, Shiv
  • Aggarwal, Shaily
  • Suresh, A.
  • Khan, Md. Tajuddin

Abstract

Using district-level panel data, this paper has assessed sensitivity of Indian agriculture to climate change. Results show that a rise in temperature would reduce agricultural productivity, while rainfall unless it is in excess, will tend to counterbalance harmful effects of temperature. Irrigation is an important adaptation strategy to reduce harmful effects of warmer climate. Predictions suggest that by end of this century, a significant change in climate may reduce productivity of Indian agriculture by 25 per cent. Agriculture in arid and semi-arid regions is more sensitive to climate change, and would be more impacted by climate change. The loss will be higher in the absence of adaptation.

Suggested Citation

  • Birthal, P.S. & Negi, Digvijay S. & Kumar, Shiv & Aggarwal, Shaily & Suresh, A. & Khan, Md. Tajuddin, 2014. "How Sensitive is Indian Agriculture to Climate Change?," Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Indian Society of Agricultural Economics, vol. 69(4), pages 1-14.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:inijae:229948
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.229948
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Tol, Richard S.J., 2017. "The structure of the climate debate," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 431-438.
    2. Kepa Solaun & Emilio Cerdá, 2017. "The Impact of Climate Change on the Generation of Hydroelectric Power—A Case Study in Southern Spain," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(9), pages 1-19, September.
    3. Pourzand, Farnaz & Noy, Ilan & Sağlam, Yiğit, 2019. "Droughts and farms’ financial performance in New Zealand: A micro farm level study," Working Paper Series 8159, Victoria University of Wellington, School of Economics and Finance.
    4. Birthal, Pratap S. & Hazrana, Jaweriah, 2019. "Crop diversification and resilience of agriculture to climatic shocks: Evidence from India," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 173(C), pages 345-354.
    5. Birthal, Pratap S. & Negi, Digvijay S. & Khan, Md. Tajuddin & Agarwal, Shaily, 2015. "Is Indian agriculture becoming resilient to droughts? Evidence from rice production systems," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 1-12.
    6. Farnaz Pourzand & Ilan Noy & Yigit Saglam, 2019. "Droughts and farms' financial performance in New Zealand: a micro farm-level study," CESifo Working Paper Series 7633, CESifo.

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