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Climate change in Australia: agricultural impacts and adaptation

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  • Kingwell, Ross S.

Abstract

Impacts on Australian agriculture of projected climate change are likely to be spatially and temporally diverse, with many regions likely to experience increased downside risk in agricultural production. Some regions, such as south-west Australia, are projected to be particularly at risk of adverse outcomes associated with climate change. The rate and extent of warming, along with impacts on rainfall distributions, are key determinants of agricultural impacts and will affect the success of adaptation strategies. The likely gradual unfolding of climate change should provide farmers in many regions and industries with sufficient time to utilise or develop adaptation strategies. Many of these strategies are likely to be based on farmers’ current responses to climate variability. Investments in R&D and innovation could be important ingredients in facilitating farmers’ adaptation to climate change. Farmers are likely to face additional costs of capital adjustment due to climate change. Investment in long-lived climate-dependent agricultural assets such as irrigation infrastructure, vineyards and agroforestry will become more problematic. Investing in ecological assets in rural regions, especially where these assets may become stranded by climate change, also will be increasingly problematic.

Suggested Citation

  • Kingwell, Ross S., 2006. "Climate change in Australia: agricultural impacts and adaptation," Australasian Agribusiness Review, University of Melbourne, Melbourne School of Land and Environment, vol. 14.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:auagre:126110
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Browne, Natalie & Kingwell, Ross & Behrendt, Ralph & Eckard, Richard, 2013. "The relative profitability of dairy, sheep, beef and grain farm enterprises in southeast Australia under selected rainfall and price scenarios," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 117(C), pages 35-44.
    2. Loch, Adam & Adamson, David & Mallawaarachchi, Thilak, 2013. "Hydrology and Economics in Water Management Policy under Increasing uncertainty," Risk and Sustainable Management Group Working Papers 156479, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
    3. Zeynep K. Hansen & Gary D. Libecap & Scott E. Lowe, 2011. "Climate Variability and Water Infrastructure: Historical Experience in the Western United States," NBER Chapters,in: The Economics of Climate Change: Adaptations Past and Present, pages 253-280 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Adamson, David & Loch, Adam, 2014. "Possible negative feedbacks from ‘gold-plating’ irrigation infrastructure," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 145(C), pages 134-144.
    5. Kingwell, Ross & Marie Jeanne, Rose & Hailu, Atakelty, 2016. "A longitudinal analysis of some Australian broadacre farms' greenhouse gas emissions, farming systems and efficiency of production," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 146(C), pages 120-128.
    6. Ruhul A. Salim & Nazrul Islam, 2010. "Exploring the impact of R&D and climate change on agricultural productivity growth: the case of Western Australia ," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 54(4), pages 561-582, October.
    7. Culas, Richard J., 2014. "Determinants of land use in wheat production: The Australian wheat-sheep zone," 2014 Conference (58th), February 4-7, 2014, Port Maquarie, Australia 165826, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    8. Adamson, David & Loch, Adam, 2013. "Natural capital and climate change: Possible negative sustainability impacts from 'gold plating' irrigation infrastructure," Risk and Sustainable Management Group Working Papers 156480, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
    9. Quentin Farmar-Bowers, 2015. "Finding Ways to Improve Australia’s Food Security Situation," Agriculture, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(2), pages 1-27, May.
    10. Kingwell, Ross S. & Farré, Imma, 2009. "Climate change impacts on investment in crop sowing machinery," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 53(2), June.
    11. Sandhu, Harpinder S. & Crossman, Neville D. & Smith, F. Patrick, 2012. "Ecosystem services and Australian agricultural enterprises," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 19-26.
    12. Feldman, David & Thomas, Quenten & Farre Codina, Imma & Plunkett, Brad & Kingwell, Ross, 2015. "Is a low-input strategy a sound business defence in a drying climate?," 2015 Conference (59th), February 10-13, 2015, Rotorua, New Zealand 205077, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    13. Mullen, John & Keogh, Mick, 2013. "The Future Productivity and Competitiveness Challenge for Australian Agriculture," 2013 Conference (57th), February 5-8, 2013, Sydney, Australia 152170, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.

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