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Succession rules and leadership rents

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  • Konrad, Kai Andreas
  • Skaperdas, Stergios

Abstract

Leaders compensate supporters not just for performing their duties but also in order to preempt an overthrow by the same supporters. We show how succession rules affect the power of leaders relative to supporters as well as the resources expended on possible succession struggles. We compare two regimes of leadership succession: the conclave regime and the divide-et-impera regime which differ with respect to the role of supporters of the previous leader once the new leader takes power. The leadership rent is higher and supporters receive a lower compensation in the divide-et-impera regime, as supporters have to fight harder for succession to avoid the grim outcome of loss. Leaders, then, would like to induce the divide-et-impera regime even when every supporter has veto power over his leadership. -- Könige und Diktatoren, aber auch die Vorstände von Unternehmen und Parteivorsitzende verdanken den Fortbestand ihrer Herrschaft der Unterstützung einer Gruppe von einflussreichen Helfern in Schlüsselpositionen. Diese können ihren Einfluss für, aber auch gegen den Fortbestand der bestehenden Herrschaft einsetzen und werden von den Herrschenden in der Regel für ihre Loyalität bezahlt. Wir untersuchen, welchen Einfluss bestimmte, in der Realität praktizierte Nachfolgeregelungen auf die Machtverteilung zwischen Herrschern und ihren Gefolgsleuten haben und wie diese Nachfolgeregeln die Verteilung der Vorteile und Renten aus Herrschaft beeinflussen. Wir vergleichen zwei unterschiedliche Regime der Nachfolgeregelungen: Das so genannte Konklave- Regime und das divide-et-impera-Regime. Die beiden unterscheiden sich darin, welche Rolle den Gefolgsleute des alten Herrschers im Zusammenhang mit der Neubesetzung des Amts des Herrschers und der Schlüsselpositionen der Unterstützer unter dem neuen Herrscher zukommt. Der Nutzen des Herrschers ist höher und Gefolgsleute erhalten im divide-et-impera-Regime einen geringeren Anteil an den Renten, die mit der Herrschaft einher gehen, da sie um die Nachfolge härter kämpfen, weil sie im Zuge des Herrschaftswechsels mehr zu verlieren haben. Daher sind Herrscher bestrebt, das divide-et- impera- Regime einzuführen.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Market Processes and Governance with number SP II 2005-13.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbmpg:spii200513

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Keywords: Political leadership; political support; political survival; successorship;

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Cited by:
  1. S. Guriev & G. Egorov & K. Sonin., 2007. "Media Freedom, Bureaucratic Incentives, and the Resource Curse," VOPROSY ECONOMIKI, N.P. Redaktsiya zhurnala "Voprosy Economiki", vol. 4.
  2. Dustin Beckett & Gregory Hess, 2008. "All in the family: why non-democratic leaders have more children," Economics of Governance, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 65-85, January.

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