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Media Freedom, Bureaucratic Incentives and the Resource Curse

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  • Egorov, Georgy
  • Guriev, Sergei
  • Sonin, Konstantin

Abstract

How can a non-democratic ruler provide proper incentives for state bureaucracy? In the absence of competitive elections and separation of powers, the ruler has to be well-informed himself, and to gather information he may use either a secret service or the media. The danger of using a secret service is that it can collude with bureaucrats; overcoming collusion is costly. Free media aggregate information and thus constrain bureaucrats, but also help citizens to coordinate on actions against the incumbent. We endogenize the ruler's choice in a dynamic model to argue that free media are less likely to emerge in resource-rich economies where the ruler is less interested in providing incentives to his subordinates. We show that this prediction is consistent with both cross-section and panel data.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 5748.

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Date of creation: Jul 2006
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:5748

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Keywords: bureaucracy; media freedom; non-democratic politics; resource curse;

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