# Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association

# International Economic Review

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This journal is no longer published by Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association. For a followup journal, see International Economic Review, published by Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association.
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### February 1978, Volume 19, Issue 1

**211-227 An Econometric Analysis of Capital Utilization***by*Betancourt, Roger R & Clague, Christopher K**229-240 Indices and Subindices of the Cost of Living and the Standard of Living***by*Blackorby, Charles & Russell, R Robert**241-246 Samuelson, Population and Intergenerational Transfers***by*Arthur, W Brian & McNicoll, Geoffrey**247-251 Optimal Taxation of Full Income***by*Helpman, Elhanan & Sadka, Efraim**253-258 The Theory of Optimal Saving Decisions under Income Risk***by*Menezes, Carmen F & Auten, Gerald E**259-261 Comment on "The Effect of Unions on Earnings and Earnings on Unions: A Mixed Logit Approach."***by*Olsen, Randall J

### October 1977, Volume 18, Issue 3

**517-533 Joint Outputs, Intermediate Inputs and International Trade Theory***by*Woodland, A D**535-552 Nonconvexity and Optimal Exhaustion of Renewable Resources***by*Lewis, Tracy R & Schmalensee, Richard**553-568 Storage with Price Uncertainty in International Trade***by*Feder, Gershon & Just, Richard E & Schmitz, Andrew**569-581 Unbalanced Growth and Fixed Capital in a Lagged Leontief Model***by*Orosel, Gerhard O**583-605 The Spectral Estimation of Simultaneous Equation Systems with Lagged Endogenous Variables***by*Espasa, Antoni & Sargan, J Denis**607-627 Hypothesis-Testing in the Large Macro-Economic Models***by*Hatanka, Michio**629-644 Estimation of an Adaptive Expectations Model***by*Just, Richard E**645-650 Some Theorems in the Linear Probability Model***by*Amemiya, Takeshi**651-675 Flexible Functional Forms and Expenditure Distributions: An Application to Canadian Consumer Demand Functions***by*Berndt, Ernst R & Darrough, Masako N & Diewert, W E**677-696 A Model of Consumption and Leisure in an Intertemporal Framework: A Systematic Treatment Using Japanese Data***by*Darrough, Masako N**697-717 The Determinants of Fixed Investment by Manufacturing Firms in a Developing Country***by*Bilsborrow, Richard E**719-736 Electric Utility Fuel Choice Behavior in the United States***by*Joskow, Paul L & Mishkin, Frederic S**737-753 A Test of Expectational Processes Using Information from the Capital Markets-The Israeli Case***by*Cukierman, Alexander**755-770 Inter-fuel Substitution Possibilities: A Translog Application to Intercountry Data***by*Griffin, James M**771-778 Expenditure, Savings and Habit Formation: A Comment***by*Klijn, Nico**779-782 Topological Ordered Spaces and Utility Functions***by*Mehta, Ghanshyam**783-786 On Two New Methods to Deal with Truncation Remainders in Small Sample Distributed Lag Models with Autocorrelated Disturbances***by*Glejser, H**787-789 A New Proof of the Existence and Uniqueness of the Cournot Equilibrium***by*Szidarovszky, F & Yakowitz, S

### June 1977, Volume 18, Issue 2

**257-292 Estimating Agricultural Supply Response with the Nerlove Model: A Survey***by*Askari, Hossein & Cummings, John Thomas**293-322 Product Differentiation and Locational Competition in Spatial Markets***by*Gannon, Colin A**323-343 Consumer Behavior under Risk in Disequilibrium Trading***by*Zabel, Edward**345-366 The Transactions Demand for Money in a Three-Asset Economy***by*Miller, Preston J**367-391 Sufficient Conditions in Optimal Control Theory***by*Seierstad, Atle & Sydsaeter, Knut**393-406 A Noncooperative Model of Public Investment and International Externalities***by*Bernstein, Jeffrey I**407-423 Some Properties of the Optimal Income-Tax***by*Brito, Dagobert L & Oakland, William H**425-434 General Monopolistic Equilibrium under Non-Convexities***by*Silvestre, Joaquim**435-444 Efficiency Estimation from Cobb-Douglas Production Functions with Composed Error***by*Meeusen, Wim & van den Broeck, Julien**445-462 Observations on Improper Methods of Simulating and Teaching Friedman's Time Series Consumption Model***by*Sargent, Thomas J**463-476 On Estimating Average and Best Practice Homothetic Production Functions via Cost Functions***by*Forsund, Finn R & Jansen, Eilev S**477-487 Second Degree Stochastic Dominance with Respect to a Function***by*Meyer, Jack**489-502 Consistent Estimation of Nonstationary Parameters for Small Sample Situations-A Monte Carlo Study***by*Bennett, R J**503-508 The Demand for Labor and the Stability of Income Redistribution in Mexico***by*Stewart, John R, Jr**509-513 On the Continuous Representation of Preorders***by*Mas-Colell, Andreu

### February 1977, Volume 18, Issue 1

**1-28 On the Formulation of Continuous Time Macroeconomic Models with Asset Accumulation***by*Turnovsky, Stephen J**29-58 General Saddlepoint Property of the Steady State of a Growth Model with Heterogeneous Capital Goods***by*Kuga, Kiyoshi**59-82 The Demand for Money During Hyperinflations under Rational Expectations: I***by*Sargent, Thomas J**83-100 International Growth with Free Trade in Equities and Goods***by*Hori, Hajime & Stein, Jerome L**101-116 The Effects of Wages, Unearned Income and Taxes on the Supply of Labor***by*Gayer, David**117-133 Single-Valued Control of an Intermediate Good under Uncertainty: A Comparison of Prices and Quantities***by*Yohe, Gary W**135-149 Competitive Price Behavior of an Exhaustible Resource Where the Rate of Substitution Is Constrained***by*Hanson, Donald A**151-162 A Generalization of Sraffa's Standard Commodity and Its Complete Characterization***by*Miyao, Takahiro**163-179 Consistent Estimation of Real Econometric Models with Undersized Samples: A Study of the T RACE (Mk IIIR) Econometric Model of the Canadian Economy***by*Nehlawi, Joseph E**181-194 Identification for a Linear Dynamic Simultaneous Error-Shock Model***by*Hsiao, Cheng**195-207 Applications of the Kalman Filter in Short-Run Monetary Control***by*LeRoy, Stephen F & Waud, Roger N**209-218 A Bayesian Analysis of Commodity Demand and Labor Supply***by*Kiefer, Nicholas M**219-228 The Bias of Instrumental Variable Estimators of Simultaneous Equation Systems***by*Phillips, Garry D A & Hale, C**229-234 Risk-Aversion and the Martingale Property of Stock Prices: Comments***by*Ohlson, James A**235-240 A Note on Random Demand and Duality under Competition***by*Blair, Roger D & Lusky, Rafael**241-245 On the Relationship between Commodity Prices and Gross Outputs in a General Neo-classical Technology***by*Kemp, Murray C & Khang, Chulsoon**247-251 A Note on the Minimum Error Variance Rule and the Restricted Regression Model***by*Giles, D E A & Smith, R G

### October 1976, Volume 17, Issue 3

**529-565 Macro-Econometric Model Building in Socialist and Non-Socialist Countries: A Comparative Study***by*Shapiro, Harold T & Halabuk, Laszlo**567-580 A Study of Credit Rationing in Japan***by*Rimbara, Yukio & Santomero, Anthony M**581-600 Optimal Behavior of a Monopolist Facing a Bicriteria Objective Function***by*Landsberger, Michael & Subotnik, Abraham**601-611 Equilibrium with Externalities, Commodity Taxation, and Lump Sum Transfers***by*Shafer, Wayne & Sonnenschein, Hugo**613-625 Default Risk in a General Equilibrium Asset Economy with Incomplete Markets***by*Milne, Frank**627-650 Instruments, Intermediate Targets, and Monetary Controllability***by*Pindyck, Robert S & Roberts, Steven M**651-674 Labor, Leisure and Training over the Life Cycle***by*Ryder, Harl E & Stafford, Frank P & Stephan, Paula E**675-686 Optimal Foreign Debt Accumulation with Export Revenue Uncertainty***by*McCabe, James L & Sibley, David S**687-699 The Estimation of Markets in Disequilibrium: The Fixed Supply Case***by*Hartley, Michael J**701-717 A Stochastic Control Approach to Factor Demand***by*Bitros, George C & Kelejian, Harry H**719-731 On the Existence and Uniqueness of Solutions to Multi-Period Linear/Quadratic Optimal Control Problems***by*Garbade, Kenneth D**733-739 Factor Learning and Biased Factor-Efficiency Growth in the United States, 1929-1966***by*Panik, Michael J**741-750 On the Identification with Covariance Restrictions: A Note***by*Mallela, Parthasaradhi & Patil, Govinda H**751-757 The Effects of Aggregation over Time on T-Ratios and R2's***by*Rowe, Robert D**759-764 A Further Note on Stability in a Random Coefficient Model***by*Conlisk, John**765-768 What Can We Infer from a Single Aggregated Proportion?***by*Kanoh, Satoru & Sawa, Takamitsu**769-771 A Theorem on an Inequality of Two Quadratic Forms and an Application to Distributed Lags***by*Burdick, Donald S & Wallace, T D**773-778 A Reinterpretation of Two and Three Stage Least Squares***by*Byron, R P**779-781 An Interpretation of the Costs on the Instruments in Deterministic Linear-Quadratic Control***by*Gordon, Roger H**783-785 On Properties of Steady State Measures for One Sector Growth Models***by*Boylan, Edward S**787-788 A Remark on the "Casual Region" in the Two Sector Model of Growth***by*Marino, Anthony M

### June 1976, Volume 17, Issue 2

**247-261 Expectation Revision and Optimal Learning in a Foreign Investment Model***by*Long, Ngo Van**262-277 Macroeconomic Policy in a Model of International Trade with a Wage Restriction***by*Helpman, Elhanan**278-291 A Limit Theorem on Information and Liquidity***by*Murota, Takeshi**292-307 The Wealth Effect in Occupational Choice***by*Weiss, Yoram**308-318 Characterization of Transitive Individual Preferences for Quasi-Transitive Collective Preference under Simple Games***by*Salles, Maurice**319-339 Identification and Estimation of Simultaneous Equation Models with Measurement Error***by*Hsiao, Cheng**340-361 On the Estimation of Structural Change: A Generalization of the Random Coefficients Regression Model***by*Singh, Balvir, et al**362-376 On an Efficient Two-Step Estimator for Dynamic Simultaneous Equations Models with Autoregressive Errors***by*Dhrymes, Phoebus J & Taylor, John B**377-396 On the Estimation of Production Frontiers: Maximum Likelihood Estimation of the Parameters of a Discontinuous Density Function***by*Aigner, D J & Amemiya, Takeshi & Poirier, Dale J**397-410 Estimation of Household Utility Functions and Labor Supply Response***by*Wales, T J & Woodland, A D**411-430 Distributed Lags in Construction: An Empirical Study***by*van Alphen, Hendrik J & Merkies, Arnold H Q M**431-446 Forecasting the Consumption Effects of Stabilization Policies***by*Dolde, Walter**447-462 The Incorporation and Measurement of Social Power in Economic Models***by*Zusman, Pinhas**463-471 Estimating Systems of Dynamic Reduced Form Equations with Vector Autoregressive Errors***by*Hendry, David F & Tremayne, Andrew R**472-483 Embodiment, Putty-Clay, and Misspecification of the Directly Estimated CES***by*Gapinski, James H & Kumar, T Krishna**484-490 Rational Expectations and the Estimation of Econometric Models: AnAlternative Procedure***by*McCallum, Bennett T**491-497 Proof of a Conjecture in Social Choice***by*Wagstaff, Peter**498-502 A Note on Single Peakedness***by*Kramer, Gerald H**503-505 A Note on the Core with Increasing Numbers of Consumers and Commodities***by*Roberts, John**506-509 A Note on the Efficiency of Kelejian's Method of Estimating Cobb-Douglas Type Functions with Multiplicative and Additive Errors***by*Harvey, A C**510-515 The Optimum Growth Rate for Population: Comment***by*Deardorff, Alan V**516-525 The Optimum Growth Rate for Population: Agreement and Evaluations***by*Samuelson, Paul A

### February 1976, Volume 17, Issue 1

**1-7 Optimality of Sluggish Predictors under Ergodic Probabilities***by*Samuelson, Paul A**8-25 A Spectral Principal Components Estimator of the Distributed Lag Model***by*Doran, H E**26-46 The Identifiability of Linear Econometric Models with Autocorrelated Errors***by*Deistler, Manfred**47-56 Aggregation and Identification***by*Richmond, J**57-75 The Stolper Samuelson Theorem, the Rybczynski Theorem, and the Pattern of Trade in Neoclassical and Vintage Capital Trade and Growth Models***by*Petith, Howard C**76-97 International Trade with Fluctuating Prices***by*Anderson, James E & Riley, John G**98-104 Quantitative Restrictions and the Transfer Problem***by*Falvey, Rodney E**105-120 Regular Economies and Conditions for Uniqueness of Steady States in Optimal Multi-Sector Economic Models***by*Brock, William A & Burmeister, Edwin**121-132 Unbounded Shadow Prices for Optimal Stochastic Growth Models***by*Mirman, Leonard J & Zilcha, Itzhak**133-148 The Distribution of Welfare Gains from Price Stabilization: The Case of Multiplicative Disturbances***by*Turnovsky, Stephen J**149-162 Rate of Return Regulation of a Monopoly Firm with Random Demand***by*Perrakis, Stylianos**163-171 Profits and Safety in the Theory of the Firm under Price Uncertainty***by*Arzac, Enrique R**172-190 An Empirical Evaluation of the Equilibrium Size and Shape of Market Areas***by*Greenhut, M L & Hwang, M J & Ohta, H**191-203 Wage Structures and Quit Rates***by*Nickell, Stephen J**204-212 The Effect of Unions on Earnings and Earnings on Unions: A Mixed Logit Approach***by*Schmidt, Peter & Strauss, Robert P**213-219 On Linear and Lexicographic Orders, Majority Rule and Equilibrium***by*Nitzan, Shmuel**220-227 The Demand for Money, the Liquidity Trap, and Functional Forms***by*Spitzer, John J**228-233 The Exact Distribution of an Instrumental Variables Estimator***by*Carter, R A L**234-240 A Comparison of Traditional and Stein-Rule Estimators under Weighted Squared Error Loss***by*Judge, George G & Bock, M E

### October 1975, Volume 16, Issue 3

**531-538 The Optimum Growth Rate for Population***by*Samuelson, Paul A**539-544 Optimum Social Security in a Life-Cycle Growth Model***by*Samuelson, Paul A**545-554 On the Global Identification of the Dynamic Simultaneous Equations Model with Stationary Disturbances***by*Hatanaka, Michio**555-561 Rational Expectations and the Estimation of Econometric Models***by*Nelson, Charles R**562-586 Wage Determinations in Japanese Manufacturing Industries-Structural Change and Wage Differentials***by*Tachibanaki, Toshiaki**587-608 Time Series Versus Structural Models: A Case Study of Canadian Manufacturing Inventory Behavior***by*Trivedi, P K**609-624 A Time-Series Fertility Equation: The Potential for a Baby-Boom in the 1980's***by*Wachter, Michael L**625-647 An Asset Price Model of Aggregate Investment***by*Engle, Robert F & Foley, Duncan K**648-661 Investment, Adjustment Costs, and Uncertainty***by*Craine, Roger**662-681 Stabilization Policies in an Open Economy: A Taxonomic Discussion***by*Shinkai, Yoichi**682-698 Efficient Macroeconomic Stabilization Policies under Floating Exchange Rates***by*Casas, F R**699-711 Multiperiod Predictions in Dynamic Models***by*Lahiri, Kajal**712-732 International Trade with a Wasting but Possibly Replenishable Resource***by*Kemp, Murray C & Suzuki, Hideo**733-744 On the Use of Cobb-Douglas Splines***by*Poirier, Dale J**745-750 On VES and WDI Production Functions***by*Fare, Rolf & Jansson, Leif**751-764 On Cores in Economies with Public Goods***by*Champsaur, Paul & Roberts, Donald John & Rosenthal, Robert W**765-780 A Spliced CES Expenditure System***by*McElroy, Marjorie B**781-791 Duality and the Uniqueness of Growth Equilibrium***by*Fujimoto, Takao**792-795 On the Efficiency of the Almon Lag Technique***by*Schmidt, Peter & Sickles, Robin**796-799 Weakly Maximal Optimal Stationary Program under Uncertainty***by*Zilcha, Itzhak**800-801 A Note on the Treatment of the Truncation Remainder in the Gamma Distributed Lag***by*Schmidt, Peter

### June 1975, Volume 16, Issue 2

**267-300 The Existence of "Compensated Equilibrium" and the Structure of the Pareto Efficiency Frontier***by*Moore, James C**301-320 Existence of an Exchange Equilibrium under Price Rigidities***by*Dreze, Jacques H**321-335 Noncooperative and Dominant Player Solutions in Discrete Dynamic Games***by*Kydland, Finn**336-344 A Limit Theorem on Competitive Equilibrium of an Economy under Uncertainty***by*Caspi, Yaffa Machnes**345-351 An Example of a Slow-Converging Core***by*Shapley, L S**352-361 Capacity Utilization, the User Cost of Capital and the Cost of Adjustment***by*Malcomson, James M**362-368 The Role of Taxation in the Determination of the Social Discount Rate***by*Pestieau, Pierre M**369-380 A Model of Optimal Growth and Stabilization***by*Van Order, Robert A**381-387 Duality in Optimal Growth***by*Appelbaum, Elie**388-403 Most Rapid Approach Paths in Accumulation Problems***by*Spence, A Michael & Starrett, David**404-414 Trade Finance, Capital Movements and the Stability of the Foreign Exchange Market***by*Hausafus, Kurt F**415-421 Consumption, Real Balances and the Hoarding Function***by*Dornbusch, Rudiger & Mussa, Michael**422-449 Unobservables with a Variance-Components Structure: Ability, Schooling, and the Economic Success of Brothers***by*Chamberlain, Gary & Griliches, Zvi**451-470 Differences in Expected Post-school Investments as a Determinant of Market Wage Differentials***by*Polachek, Solomon William**471-486 The Prediction of Occupation Using Multiple Logit Models***by*Schmidt, Peter & Strauss, Robert P**487-502 Cagan's Real Money Demand Model with Alternative Error Structures: Bayesian Analyses for Four Countries***by*Bisignano, Joseph**503-510 On the Explanatory Power of Dummy Variable Regressions***by*Aigner, D J & Goldberger, A S & Kalton, G**511-515 The Relationship between Macro and Micro Parameters***by*Akdeniz, Fikri & Milliken, George A**516-520 On the Probability of Correct Model Selection Using the Maximum R2 Choice Criterion***by*Ebbeler, Donald H**521-524 A Uniqueness Theorem***by*Wagstaff, Peter**525-527 Domestic Distortion, Non-Traded Sector and Optimal Economic Policy: A Note***by*Ray, Alok

### February 1975, Volume 16, Issue 1

**3-19 The Wharton Long Term Model: Input-Output within the Context of a Macro Forecasting Model***by*Preston, Ross S**20-37 The Hickman-Coen Annual Growth Model: Structural Characteristics and Policy Responses***by*Hickman, Bert G & Coen, Robert M & Hurd, Michael D**39-53 The Brookings Qtrly Model: As an Aid to Longer Term Economic Policy Analysis***by*Schink, George R**54-74 Judging the Performance of Econometric Models of the U.S. Economy***by*Christ, Carl F**75-91 Asymptotic Theory and Large Models***by*Sargan, J D**92-111 Birth Control in an Econometric Simulation***by*Suits, Daniel B, et al**113-134 The Estimation and Use of Models with Moving Average Disturbance Terms: A Survey***by*Nicholls, D F & Pagan, Adrian R & Terrell, R D**135-150 Subindexes in the Cost of Living Index***by*Pollak, Robert A**151-160 The Underestimation of Variations in the Forecast Series: A Note***by*Hatanaka, Michio**161-170 Specification Error in Generalized Production Function Models***by*Guilkey, David K & Lovell, C A Knox**171-187 Substitution of Structures, Equipment and Labor in Canadian Production***by*Woodland, A D**188-200 Consumers' Preferences and Ecological Consciousness***by*Lusky, Rafael**201-221 Existence of General Equilibrium in Multi-Regional Economies with Public Goods***by*Richter, Donald K**222-245 Nonconvexity and Pareto Optimality in Large Markets***by*Khan, M Ali & Rashid, S**246-257 Competitive Analysis under Complete Ignorance***by*Pazner, Elisha A & Schmeidler, David**258-263 Optimal Control of Econometric Models with Autocorrelated Disturbance Terms***by*Pagan, Adrian R

### October 1974, Volume 15, Issue 3

**541-571 Some Aspects of Stabilization Policies, the Monetarist Controversy, and the MPS Model***by*Ando, Albert K**572-594 The Wharton Model Mark III: A Modern IS-LM Construct***by*Duggal, Vijaya G & Klein, Lawrence R & McCarthy, Michael D**595-615 The Data Resources Model: Uses, Structure, and Analysis of the U.S. Economy***by*Eckstein, Otto & Green, Edward W & Sinai, Allen**616-631 Some Multiplier and Error Characteristics of the BEA Qtrly Model***by*Hirsch, Albert A & Grimm, Bruce T & Narasimham, Gorti V L**632-653 The Structure and Properties of the Michigan Qtrly Econometric Model of the U.S. Economy***by*Hymans, Saul H & Shapiro, Harold T**654-666 A Family of Estimators for Simultaneous Equation Systems***by*Chow, Gregory C**667-679 The Asymptotic Bias and Mean-Squared Error of Double K-Class Estimators When the Disturbances Are Small***by*Brown, George F, Jr & Kadane, Joseph B & Ramage, John G**680-692 Identification, Estimation and Large-Sample Theory for Regressions Containing Unobservable Variables***by*Robinson, P M**693-698 Estimated Residual Covariance Matrix of Two Stage Least Squares and Computation of Three Stage Least Squares Estimates***by*Rao, U L Gouranga**699-717 Arrow-Debreu Equilibrium of an Exchange Economy with Transaction Cost***by*Kurz, Mordecai**718-728 On the Major Slutsky Properties When Money Is the Sole Medium of Exchange***by*Kalman, Peter J & Dusansky, Richard & Wickstrom, Bengt-Arne**729-749 Choice Functions on Finite Sets***by*Fishburn, Peter C**750-777 Money and Growth: The Case of Long Run Perfect Foresight***by*Brock, William A**778-785 Duality and Balanced Growth***by*Lane, John S**786-797 Expenditure, Savings and Habit Formation***by*Lluch, Constantino**798-802 A Model of Investment under Interest Rate Uncertainty***by*Pazner, Elisha A & Razin, Assaf**803-804 Smoothness Priors and Stochastic Prior Restrictions in Distributed Lag Estimation***by*Taylor, William E**805-807 Recursive Relations for the Samuelson Transformation Coefficients***by*Farebrother, R W

### June 1974, Volume 15, Issue 2

**267-284 Anticipations Variables in an Econometric Model: Performance of the Anticipations Version of Wharton Mark III***by*Adams, F Gerard & Duggal, Vijaya G**285-303 An Evaluation of a Short-Run Forecasting Model***by*Fair, Ray C**305-327 St. Louis Model Revisited***by*Andersen, Leonall C & Carlson, Keith M**328-365 A Monthly Econometric Model of the U.S. Economy***by*Liu, Ta-Chung & Hwa, Erh-Cheng**366-383 Notes on Testing the Predictive Performance of Econometric Models***by*Howrey, E Philip & Klein, Lawrence R & McCarthy, Michael D**384-414 On the Role of Expectations of Price and Technological Change in an Investment Function***by*Ando, Albert K, et al