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Is Adversity a School of Wisdom? Experimental Evidence on Cooperative Protection Against Stochastic Losses

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  • Nicklisch, Andreas
  • Köke, Sonja
  • Lange, Andreas

Abstract

We investigate the dynamics of voluntary cooperation to either reduce the size or the probability of stochastic losses. For variants of a repeated four person prisoner’s dilemma game, we show that cooperation is larger and more stable when it affects the probability rather than the size of the adverse event. We provide crucial insights on behavioral adaptation: defecting players are more likely to switch to cooperation after experiencing an adverse event, while existing cooperation is reinforced when the losses do not occur. This behavior is consistent with simple learning dynamics based on ex post evaluations of the chosen strategy.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicklisch, Andreas & Köke, Sonja & Lange, Andreas, 2016. "Is Adversity a School of Wisdom? Experimental Evidence on Cooperative Protection Against Stochastic Losses," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145716, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc16:145716
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. R. Ghidoni & G. Calzolari & M. Casari, 2017. "Climate Change: Behavioral Responses from Extreme Events and Delayed Damages," Working Papers wp2002, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    2. Ghidoni, Riccardo & Calzolari, Giacomo & Casari, Marco, 2017. "Climate change : Behavioral responses from extreme events and delayed damages," Other publications TiSEM 9868b8c2-8848-48d9-9eb6-0, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • C92 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Group Behavior

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