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International Trade and Worker Turnover – Empirical Evidence for Germany

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  • Baumgarten, Daniel

Abstract

Using a linked employer-employee data set for Germany, this paper studies how worker turnover is related to establishments' international trade involvement. The descriptive analysis shows that trading establishments have lower worker turnover rates than non-traders, suggesting a higher degree of employment stability. Conditional on an extensive set of control variables, exporting is further associated with a higher net job flow rate, which is almost entirely due to a lower separation rate (particularly for highskilled workers and transitions into non-employment). In contrast, an increase in import intensity is associated with a lower accession rate (particularly for low-skilled workers and their accessions out of non-employment). These results are more pronounced for smaller establishments, and they partly lose statistical significance once unobservable establishment characteristics are taken into account.

Suggested Citation

  • Baumgarten, Daniel, 2010. "International Trade and Worker Turnover – Empirical Evidence for Germany," Ruhr Economic Papers 228, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:rwirep:228
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    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/45340/1/655946713.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Milota Vetráková & Jaroslav Kubaľa & David Austin Cole & Kristína Pompurová, 2020. "Causes of employee fluctuation and the need for stabilization in Slovak hotels," Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, VsI Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, vol. 8(1), pages 332-346, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    international trade; worker turnover; job turnover; linked employeremployee data;

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs

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