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International competitiveness, job creation and job destruction--An establishment-level study of German job flows

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  • Moser, Christoph
  • Urban, Dieter
  • di Mauro, Beatrice Weder

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of international competitiveness on net employment, job creation, job destruction, and gross job flows for a representative sample of German establishments from 1993 to 2005. We find a statistically significant but economically small effect of real exchange rate shocks on employment, comparable to the one found in studies for the United States. However, contrary to the United States, the employment adjustment (among surviving firms) operates mainly through the job creation rather than the job destruction rate. Job destruction occurs essentially through discrete events such as restructuring, outsourcing and bankruptcy. We suggest that these findings are consistent with a highly regulated labor market, in which smooth adjustment is costly and possibly delayed.

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  • Moser, Christoph & Urban, Dieter & di Mauro, Beatrice Weder, 2010. "International competitiveness, job creation and job destruction--An establishment-level study of German job flows," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(2), pages 302-317, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:inecon:v:80:y:2010:i:2:p:302-317
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    Cited by:

    1. Ligia Melo & Carlos Ballesteros, 2014. "The impact of external factors on job creation and destruction in the Colombian manufacturing sector," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, pages 155-186.
    2. Klein, Michael W. & Moser, Christoph & Urban, Dieter M., 2013. "Exporting, skills and wage inequality," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 76-85.
    3. YOKOYAMA Izumi & HIGA Kazuhito & KAWAGUCHI Daiji, 2015. "The Effect of Exchange Rate Fluctuations on Employment in a Segmented Labor Market," Discussion papers 15139, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    4. Daniel Baumgarten, 2010. "International Trade and Worker Turnover – Empirical Evidence for Germany," Ruhr Economic Papers 0228, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
    5. Ligia Alba Melo & Carlos Andrés Ballesteros, 2013. "Creación, destrucción y reasignación del empleo en el sector manufacturero colombiano," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 15(28), pages 281-311, January-J.
    6. Baumgarten, Daniel & Kvasnicka, Michael, 2017. "Temporary agency work and the Great Recession," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, pages 29-44.
    7. Mai Dao & Ruo Chen, 2011. "The Real Exchange Rate and Employment in China," IMF Working Papers 11/148, International Monetary Fund.
    8. Italo Colantone, 2012. "Trade openness, real exchange rates and job reallocation: evidence from Belgium," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 148(4), pages 669-706, December.
    9. repec:taf:intecj:v:31:y:2017:i:2:p:245-296 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Ranjan, Priya, 2012. "Trade liberalization, unemployment, and inequality with endogenous job destruction," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 16-29.
    11. LIU Yang, 2017. "Wages, Job Productivity, and Job Creation and Destruction: Evidence from Japanese division-level employment data," Discussion papers 17060, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    12. Melo, Ligia & Ballesteros, Carlos, 2014. "Impacto de los factores externos sobre la creación y destrucción de empleo en el sector manufacturero colombiano," REVISTA LECTURAS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE, issue 81, pages 155-186, April.
    13. repec:zbw:rwirep:0228 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Daniel Baumgarten, 2015. "International trade and worker flows: empirical evidence for Germany," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 151(3), pages 589-608, August.
    15. Di Cintio, Marco & Ghosh, Sucharita & Grassi, Emanuele, 2017. "Firm growth, R&D expenditures and exports: An empirical analysis of italian SMEs," Research Policy, Elsevier, pages 836-852.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Competitiveness Gross worker flows Real exchange rate Openness Bankruptcy Inverse probability weighted GMM Attrition estimator;

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • F40 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - General

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